Ethnocultural Diversity in the Mind: Psychodynamic Psychotherapy for Non-Western Immigrants in the Netherlands
In recent years, there has been an increase in the numbers of people belonging to non-Western ethnic minorities who have received psychodynamic psychotherapy, to date usually from native Dutch therapists. In such a context, the components of mental problems and of psychodynamic psychotherapy can acquire contents and meaning raising questions about common assumptions within the field.
The emphasis in this chapter is on migration-related identity problems among first- and second-generation migrants. I distinguish between three constellations wherein the split inner realities derived on the one hand from the culture and society of the country of origin and on the other hand from the Netherlands as host country play a main role. These three constellations have been named over-adjustment, mummification and compartmentalisation. One therapy aim is to create an inner connection between the split inner realities, attention being devoted thereby to ethnocultural transference and countertransference.
KeywordsPsychodynamic psychotherapy Intercultural psychotherapy Migration Transference and countertransference
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