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IOT-Based Adaptive Protection of Microgrid

  • O. V. Gnana SwathikaEmail author
  • K. T. M. U. Hemapala
Conference paper
  • 39 Downloads

Abstract

Microgrid is a localized power network of connected loads and energy distribution sources that may operate autonomously with respect to the main central grid. Conventional protection schemes are not suitable for grid-connected and islanded modes of operation of microgrid. This chapter proposes an adaptive protection centre (APC) that is capable of real-time monitoring of the microgrid, fault identification and graph algorithms-aided shortest path identification for fault clearance. The Internet of Things (IOT)-based APC is capable of displaying system status and load characteristics in a remote system. The proposed APC is validated and tested for functionality on the hardware prototype of eight-bus microgrid network.

Keywords

Adaptive Protection Microgrid IOT 

Abbreviations

APC

Adaptive protection CENTRE

CT

Current transformer

DG

Distributed generators

IOT

Internet of Things

MPC

Microgrid protection CENTRE

PCC

Point of common coupling

UG

Utility grid

References

  1. 1.
    Swathika OG, Hemamalini S (2016) Prims aided Dijkstra algorithm for adaptive protection in microgrids. IEEE J Emerg Sel Top Power Electr 4(4):1279–1286CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Arya R, Yadav R, Agarwal R, Swathika OG (2018) Dijkstra’s algorithm for shortest path identification in reconfigurable microgrid. J Eng Appl Sci 13(3):717–720Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Mahapatra S, Swathika OG (2018) Hybrid prims-Viterbi’s algorithm for protecting multiple utility grids interfaced microgrid. J Telecommun Electr Comput Eng 10(1–9):109–113Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Saluja J, Biswas S, Roy S, Swathika OG (2018) Performance analysis of graph algorithms for microgrid protection. J Telecommun Electr Comput Eng 10(1–8):115–118Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. V. Gnana Swathika
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. T. M. U. Hemapala
    • 2
  1. 1.VIT UniversityChennaiIndia
  2. 2.University of MoratuwaMoratuwaSri Lanka

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