Chronic Disease and the Latinx Population: Threats, Challenges, and Opportunities

  • Barbara BaqueroEmail author
  • Deborah M. Parra-Medina


Compared with other ethnic/racial and socioeconomic groups, the US Latinx population is disproportionately affected by chronic diseases. In this chapter, we describe the epidemiology of chronic diseases and related health behaviors among this population. We then explore social, economic, cultural, and environmental factors and behaviors associated with the risks for cancer and chronic diseases for Latinx persons and the protective factors that can be harnessed to reverse the high prevalence of many diseases, such as cancer, asthma, and type 2 diabetes. We also propose and describe select health behavior theories that can inform the development of interventions and provide examples of effective interventions that have helped prevent and control cancer and chronic diseases in the Latinx population. Lastly, we discuss future priorities for research in the prevention of cancer and chronic diseases and interventions to address health disparities among Latinx persons.


Latinx chronic disease Health behavior theories Modifiable risk factors Prevention Social determinants 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of WashingtonWashingtonUSA
  2. 2.The University of IowaIowa CityUSA
  3. 3.University of Texas-San AntonioSan AntonioUSA

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