Transgender Health

  • James R. LehmanEmail author
  • Lydia A. Fein
  • Elan L. Horesh
  • Marina Petsalis
  • Erryn E. Tappy
  • Christopher Estes
  • Christopher J. Salgado


Gender transition refers to the process undertaken by transgender persons to align their outward appearance and expression of gender with their gender identity. Oftentimes this includes medical and surgical changes, making supportive, knowledgeable medical personnel crucial in a transgender person’s successful transition. This chapter introduces key aspects of transgender health, including the variations that exist in gender identity, the health disparities and barriers to care experienced by transgender patients, and the complexity and variability of the transition process.


Transgender health Gender transition Gender affirming surgery Gender-affirming hormone therapy Gender dysphoria Gender identity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • James R. Lehman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lydia A. Fein
    • 2
  • Elan L. Horesh
    • 3
  • Marina Petsalis
    • 4
  • Erryn E. Tappy
    • 5
  • Christopher Estes
    • 6
  • Christopher J. Salgado
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Wisconsin–MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.University of Miami Miller School of MedicineMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Mount Sinai HospitalNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.University of Texas Health Science Center at HoustonHoustonUSA
  5. 5.George Washington University HospitalWashington, DCUSA
  6. 6.University of MiamiMiamiUSA

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