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Application and Biodegradation of Lignocellulosic Biomass

  • M. P. Singh
  • Sonam Agarwal
  • Ankita Kushwaha
  • Vivek K. Chaturvedi
Chapter
Part of the Fungal Biology book series (FUNGBIO)

Abstract

Lignocelluloses are the most inexhaustible natural compounds in the biosphere, representing around half of the biomass on the planet, with a yearly generation of 10–50 × 109 tons. They are produced as by-products in rural and ranger service from the foods grown, which in turn causes the accumulation of these squanders. This biomass, as squanders, is collected in substantial amounts each year, causing several environmental issue and loss of possibly significant assets. A huge commitment could be made by reusing and preserving this huge amount of biomass. The lignocellulosic biomass is mainly composed of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin which can be used for variety of purposes like in mash and paper businesses, the creation of fuel liquor and chemicals, protein for nourishment, textile industry, etc., thereby encouraging its utilization. The current modern action of lignocellulosic biomass maturation is restricted, basically in view of the trouble in financial bioconversion of these materials to esteem included items. A cheap way for its bioconversion is the cultivation of mushroom on these lignocelluloses material as they are rich source of nutrients, which provide mushrooms with nutrients and nourishment. The extracellular and intracellular enzymes of mushroom help in degrading wastes into easily digestible wastes, thereby making full use of the resources.

Keywords

Lignocellulosic wastes Bioremediation Bioconversion Ligninolytic enzyme 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. P. Singh
    • 1
  • Sonam Agarwal
    • 1
  • Ankita Kushwaha
    • 1
  • Vivek K. Chaturvedi
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre of Biotechnology, University of AllahabadPrayagrajIndia

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