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Positive Action for Roma in Four Key Areas

  • Jozefien Van Caeneghem
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter provides insight in how positive action can look like in practice with a view to combating the discrimination against, and promoting the inclusion of, Roma in Europe. It highlights examples and good practices across Europe, because the widespread lack of awareness about what positive action is and what it does hinders this human rights instrument from reaching its full potential for this ethnic minority in Europe. First, emphasis is placed on the importance of adopting a sectorial, bottom-up approach to the designing, implementing, monitoring and evaluating of positive action to ensure that the measures are tailored to the specific needs of local Roma communities and proportionate to the goals they pursue. Next, the inter-connectedness of the problems encountered by Roma in the areas of education, housing, employment and health is acknowledged, before taking a closer look at the implementation of soft and strong types of measures for Roma in these four key areas of socio-economic life. Too often, discussions are dominated by the controversy that surrounds strict quotas, which are by far the most well-known as well as the strongest kind of positive action. The aim of this chapter is to demonstrate that States have a considerable number of options with varying levels of intensity in each of these fields.

References

Legal Instruments

    Council of Europe

    1. European Social Charter (18 October 1961) ETS No. 35Google Scholar
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Non-legally Binding Instruments

    Council of Europe

    1. Council of Europe Strasbourg Declaration on Roma (20 October 2010) CM(2010)133 finalGoogle Scholar
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    European Union

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    European Committee of Social Rights

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Country Monitoring

    Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

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    Advisory Committee on the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities

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    European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance

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General Comments and Recommendations

    Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

    1. General Recommendation No. 27: Discrimination against Roma (16 August 2000) A/55/18, annex VGoogle Scholar

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jozefien Van Caeneghem
    • 1
  1. 1.BrusselsBelgium

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