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Exhibitionism

  • Leah E. KaylorEmail author
  • Elizabeth L. Jeglic
Chapter

Abstract

Exhibitionism involves exposing one’s genitals or sexual organs to a nonconsenting individual. While exhibitionism is not a new phenomenon, it was not included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders [DSM] until 1980. Since that time, the clinical definition of exhibitionistic disorder has remained relatively unchanged and it falls under the category of Paraphilic Disorders and is legally considered to be a sexual offense. This chapter comprehensively examines how exhibitionism is defined, its prevalence rate, and its developmental trajectory and course. Popular etiological theories of exhibitionistic disorder including behavioral, psychoanalytic, physiological, and the courtship disorder hypothesis are discussed. Risk and prognostic features are reviewed in light of the highly comorbid nature of exhibitionism with other sexual paraphilias, mental disorders, and nonsexual crimes. In addition, existing literature on how to assess for risk factors related to recidivism and escalation and current treatment practices for those who engage in exhibitionistic behavior are discussed. The chapter concludes with an examination of future directions for study including potential prevention measures as well as the investigation of electronic manifestations of exhibitionism in the age of technology.

Keywords

Exhibitionism Deviant sexual behavior Exhibitionistic disorder Paraphilic disorder Sexual paraphilia 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Saint Louis UniversitySt. LouisUSA
  2. 2.John Jay College of Criminal JusticeNew YorkUSA

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