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Fire Regimes in Dryland Landscapes

  • Christelle HélyEmail author
  • Samuel Alleaume
  • Christiane Wilkinson Runyan
Chapter

Abstract

Dryland regions are climatically defined as having low annual precipitation and dry season periods that can span over several months and take place once or twice a year. Dryland ecosystems (e.g., grasslands, savannas, or dry forests) that experience recurrent fires often exhibit fire-adapted (or “pyrophytic”) vegetation (Trabaud 1981; Scholes 1997; van Wilgen and Scholes 1997; Mistry 1998; Roques et al. 2001; Nicholas et al. 2011; Blackhall et al. 2017; Linder et al. 2017). Fire affects ecosystem dynamics in terms of species selection, regeneration, structure, nutrient cycling, and mortality. While this chapter is devoted to fire regimes, we will also summarize ecological impacts and feedbacks of fire on the environment and in particular on plant communities. Other impacts, such as the effects of fires on soil moisture dynamics, infiltration, and runoff production, are discussed in Chap.  2, while the effects on soil nutrient cycling and soil gas emissions are briefly analyzed in Chaps.  11 and  13. Additional discussion on the role of fire dynamics on different biomes, e.g., grasslands, shrublands, dry forests, and savannas, can be found in Chaps.  16 and  17, while the effects of fire on land–atmosphere interactions are discussed more in detail in Chap.  7.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christelle Hély
    • 1
    Email author
  • Samuel Alleaume
    • 2
  • Christiane Wilkinson Runyan
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut des Sciences de l’Evolution de Montpellier (ISEM), EPHE, PSL UniversityUniversité de Montpellier, CNRS, IRD, Place Eugène BataillonMontpellierFrance
  2. 2.Institut national de Recherche en Sciences et Technologies pour l’Environnement et l’AgricultureMaison de la TélédétectionMontpellier cedex 5France
  3. 3.Advanced Academic Programs, Zanvyl Krieger School of Arts and SciencesJohns Hopkins UniversityWashingtonUSA

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