Planning, Designing and Construction of Series of Check Dams for Soil and Water Conservation in a Micro-watershed of Gujarat, India
Management of soil and water resources for enhancing horticulture production is of growing concern worldwide and this is especially true for developing countries like India. Efficient management and utilization of these resources are very important to increase the horticulture/agriculture production and productivity per unit area. One of the principal reasons for the low productivity in horticulture/agriculture is the progressive deterioration of soil due to erosion. The factors for soil erosion in this area are excessive deforestation, overgrazing and faulty practices. Consequently, valuable top soil is lost and its fertility gets depleted resulting in poor horticulture/agriculture yield. Soil erosion mainly occurs due to high velocity of runoff flowing over the land surface. It is dependent on land slope, crop cover and rainfall characteristics in a micro-watershed. The results show that the various soil and water conservation structures have good potential for conserving the soil and water.
KeywordsMicro-watershed Series of water-harvesting structures Soil and water conservation techniques Soil erosion
The authors express their appreciation to ICAR-CHES (CIAH), for full support of the project. It is necessary to thank Shri. R.B. Rathava and VV AppRao for their valuable help and support.
- Anonymous (1988) Seminar on Water Harvesting System and Management. National Drinking Water Mission, BangaloreGoogle Scholar
- Bhattacharjee JC, Roy Choudhary C, Landey RJ, and Pandey S (1982) Bio climatic Analysis of India N.B.S.S. and L.U.P. Bull No.7, Nagpur. Water Balance of PanchmahalsGoogle Scholar
- Govindasamy Agoramoorthy (2007) India Second Green Revolution Needs to Transform the Dryland, 92 Current Science. 157, available at http://www.ias.ac.in /currsci/jan 252007.pdf
- Ibid (2002) National Water Policy: Government of India, New DelhiGoogle Scholar
- Khan MA (1992) Development of surface water resources In: Rehabilitation of Degraded Arid Ecosystem. Scientific Publishers, Jodhpur, p 136–143Google Scholar
- Narayana VV (1962) Mechanical measures in gully control. Indian J. Conser., 10 (3 and 4): p 41–52Google Scholar
- Natividad RA, Woodrige R (1997) Planning and management procedures in irrigation system with mixed cropping. Asian regional Symposium on maintaining and operation of Irrigation, China, May24–27, p 147–163Google Scholar
- Pillai KM (1987) Water Management and planning, Himalaya Publishing House Bombay, p 148Google Scholar
- Rao K.D, Rao V.V., and Roy P.S. (2005). Water resources development-Role of Remote sensing and Geographical information system.Google Scholar
- Singh S (1987) Conservation structures in catchment of river valley projects and flood prone rivers Indian J. Soil Conser., Vol 153. p 8–16.Google Scholar