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Planning, Designing and Construction of Series of Check Dams for Soil and Water Conservation in a Micro-watershed of Gujarat, India

  • Deodas Meshram
  • S. D. Gorantiwar
  • Saurabh Samadhan Wadne
  • K. C. Arun Kumar
Chapter
Part of the Advances in Science, Technology & Innovation book series (ASTI)

Abstract

Management of soil and water resources for enhancing horticulture production is of growing concern worldwide and this is especially true for developing countries like India. Efficient management and utilization of these resources are very important to increase the horticulture/agriculture production and productivity per unit area. One of the principal reasons for the low productivity in horticulture/agriculture is the progressive deterioration of soil due to erosion. The factors for soil erosion in this area are excessive deforestation, overgrazing and faulty practices. Consequently, valuable top soil is lost and its fertility gets depleted resulting in poor horticulture/agriculture yield. Soil erosion mainly occurs due to high velocity of runoff flowing over the land surface. It is dependent on land slope, crop cover and rainfall characteristics in a micro-watershed. The results show that the various soil and water conservation structures have good potential for conserving the soil and water.

Keywords

Micro-watershed Series of water-harvesting structures Soil and water conservation techniques Soil erosion 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors express their appreciation to ICAR-CHES (CIAH), for full support of the project. It is necessary to thank Shri. R.B. Rathava and VV AppRao for their valuable help and support.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deodas Meshram
    • 1
  • S. D. Gorantiwar
    • 2
  • Saurabh Samadhan Wadne
    • 1
  • K. C. Arun Kumar
    • 3
  1. 1.Land and Water Management Engineering, ICAR-NRC on PomegranateKegaonIndia
  2. 2.Dr. A.S. Shinde College of Engineering and Technology, RahuriAhmednagarIndia
  3. 3.YP-II, GIS, ICAR-NBSS & LUPNagpurIndia

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