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Hsp60 Involvement During Carcinogenesis

  • Francesca Rappa
  • Francesco Carini
  • Pierre Schembri Wismayer
Chapter
Part of the Heat Shock Proteins book series (HESP, volume 18)

Abstract

The implication of Hsp60 in cancer development is due to its participation in many metabolic and biomolecular mechanisms in cancer cells. Hsp60 interacts with various molecules that are responsible of apoptosis, cell proliferation and other mechanisms involved when a normal cell becomes malignant. Hsp60 expression was found to be increased in many types of cancer but in same tumors of different anatomical district was found decreased. The mechanism of action of Hsp60 is different depending on the type of tumor. Its involvement in the carcinogenetic process of some tumors, such as large bowel carcinoma or cervical carcinoma, seems to occur in the very early stages of disease. Hsp60 participates in the mechanism of modulation of the immune response the cancer cells use to invade surrounding tissues, and expand the tumor mass.

Keywords

Apoptosis Biomolecular Cancer cell Carcinogenesis Hsp60 Tumor progression 

Abbreviations

APCs

Antigen-presenting cells

Bax

Bcl-2-associated X protein

CD

Cluster of differentiation

c-myc

Cancer myelocytomatosis

COPD

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

DCs

Dendritic cells

G1

Grading 1

G2

Grading 2

G3

Grading 3

Hsp

Heat shock protein

IAP

Inhibitors of apoptosis protein

IFNγ

Interferon gamma

IKK

IκB kinase

IL

Interleukin

KA

Keratoacantomas

MMP9

Matrix metallopeptidase 9

mtHsp

Mithocondrial Heat shock protein

MyD88

Myeloid differentiation primary response 88

NCI-H292

Human lung mucoepidermoid cell

NF-kB

Nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells

NK

Natural killer

pC3

Pro-caspase-3

PIN

Prostatic intraepithelial lesions

ROS

Reactive oxygen species

SCC

Squamous cell carcinomas

SIL

Squamous intraepithelial lesion

Th1

Type 1 T helper

TLR

Toll-like receptor

VEGF

Vascular endothelial growth factor

Notes

Acknowledgements

F.C. and F.R. were partially supported by UniPA.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesca Rappa
    • 1
  • Francesco Carini
    • 1
  • Pierre Schembri Wismayer
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biomedicine, Neuroscience and Advanced Diagnostics (BIND), Section of Human AnatomyUniversity of PalermoPalermoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Anatomy, Centre for Molecular Medicine and Biobanking, Faculty of Medicine and SurgeryUniversity of MaltaMsidaMalta

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