East Versus West on the European Populism Scale

  • Raicho Bojilov
  • Jonas A. Gunnarsson
  • Gylfi ZoegaEmail author
Conference paper


We study a sample of individuals in 24 European countries that includes nine Eastern European countries in order to identify whether these countries differ from their Western counterparts as regards popularity of populist right-wing parties once we have controlled for personal attributes. The results show that there is variation among the Eastern European countries but that, as a whole, they are not distinct from Western Europe. However, there is greater support of populist right-wing parties in Hungary and Poland once account is taken of personal attributes and we discuss some possible reasons for this observation. When it comes to personal identities, we find that a right-wing identity, a negative view of immigrants, dissatisfaction with democracy, a negative view of homosexuality, and mistrust in both national and European parliaments seem to correlate heavily with voting for a populist right-wing party in Europe. Moreover, men are more likely to vote for a populist right-wing party, as are the old and the less educated.


Populist right-wing parties Values Country effects 

JEL Classification

P16 Z18 



The authors would like to thank Sebastian Otten for valuable comments on an earlier draft.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raicho Bojilov
    • 1
    • 2
  • Jonas A. Gunnarsson
    • 3
  • Gylfi Zoega
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.School of Business and ManagementPontificia Universidad Católica de ChileSantiagoChile
  2. 2.Ecole Polytechnique-CRESPalaiseauFrance
  3. 3.Ettore Bocconi Department of EconomicsBocconi UniversityMilanItaly
  4. 4.Department of EconomicsUniversity of IcelandReykjavikIceland
  5. 5.Department of Economics, Management and Mathematics, Birkbeck CollegeUniversity of LondonLondonUK

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