Where Do We Go Next?

  • William Aspray
  • James W. Cortada
Part of the History of Computing book series (HC)


In conclusion, this chapter first ties together these disparate activities in the period since 1990: urban legend debunking, political fact-checking, public service sites intended to protect people against computer viruses, academic study of contemporary legends, grade B horror movies, and truth-or-fiction television programming. The chapter then identifies six ways to build on this study: first, other topics involving scrutiny in the United States in the period 1990–2015, such as consumer protection in a world dominated by advertising; second, extension of coverage to events outside the United States, such as urban legends or political fact-checking in other countries; third, extending the coverage back in time prior to 1990, such as scrutiny during the early twentieth century in connection with Progressivism; fourth, a deeper analysis of the concept of authenticity, which so far has been most studied in the context of art forgery and is otherwise relatively unstudied; fifth, connecting this study to the emerging field of information history, for this study has close ties to two main topics of information history – misinformation and overabundance of information; and finally, sixth, tying this work more closely to computing history, both by examining the use of computing technologies and not the technologies themselves, and by examining the pre-history of the Internet more closely by examining bulletin boards, Usenet, and online service providers that predate the public Internet.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Aspray
    • 1
  • James W. Cortada
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Information ScienceUniversity of Colorado BoulderBoulderUSA
  2. 2.Charles Babbage InstituteUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolisUSA

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