Advertisement

Designing Streets for Autonomous Vehicles

  • William RiggsEmail author
  • Melissa Ruhl
  • Caroline Rodier
  • Will Baumgardner
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mobility book series (LNMOB)

Abstract

How can automated vehicles be deployed on city streets to enhance urban and regional livability? This chapter outlines a visioning process where automakers, engineers, planning and policy professionals shared perspectives on how autonomous vehicles can be integrated onto city streets. It provides an engagement process as well as policy and design outcomes to help achieve aspirational streets of the future that promote equality of modes and environmental sustainability.

Keywords

Autonomous vehicles Streets Built environment Cities Urban planning 

References

  1. 1.
    Riggs, W.: Disruptive Transport: Driverless Cars, Transport Innovation and the Sustainable City of Tomorrow. Routledge, London (2019)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Underwood, S.E.: Disruptive innovation on the path to sustainable mobility: creating a roadmap for road transportation in the United States. In Road Vehicle Automation, pp. 157–168. Springer, Cham (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wadud, Z., MacKenzie, D., Leiby, P.: Help or hindrance? The travel, energy and carbon impacts of highly automated vehicles. Transp. Res. Part A: Policy Pract. 86, 1–18 (2016)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rayle, L., Dai, D., Chan, N., Cervero, R., Shaheen, S.: Just a better taxi? A survey-based comparison of taxis, transit, and ridesourcing services in San Francisco. Transp. Policy 45, 168–178 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Shaheen, S., Chan, N.: Mobility and the sharing economy: potential to facilitate the first-and last-mile public transit connections. Built Environ. 42(4), 573–588 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rassman, C.L.: Regulating rideshare without stifling innovation: examining the drivers, the insurance gap, and why Pennsylvania should get on board. Pitt. J. Tech. L. Pol’y 15, 81 (2014)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gehrke, S.R., Felix, A., Reardon, T.G.: Substitution of ride-hailing services for more sustainable travel options in the greater Boston region. Transp. Res. Rec., January 2019.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0361198118821903CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Clewlow, R.R., Mishra, G.S.: Disruptive transportation: the adoption, utilization, and impacts of ride-hailing in the United States. Research Report UCD-ITS-RR-17-07. University of California, Institute of Transportation Studies, Davis, CA (2017)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Riggs, W.W., Boswell, M.R., Zoepf, S.: A new policy agenda for autonomous vehicles: it’s time to lead innovation. Planetizen (2017)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fagnant, D.J., Kockelman, K.M.: The travel and environmental implications of shared autonomous vehicles, using agent-based model scenarios. Transp. Res. Part C: Emerg. Technol. 40, 1–13 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Guerra, E.: Planning for cars that drive themselves metropolitan planning organizations, regional transportation plans, and autonomous vehicles. J. Plann. Educ. Res., November 2015.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0739456X15613591MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Boswell, M., Riggs, W.: Could autonomous vehicles save lives in disasters? - Features | Planetizen. Planetizen (2017). https://www.planetizen.com/features/95813-could-autonomous-vehicles-save-lives-disasters. Accessed 11 Feb 2019
  13. 13.
    Ewing, R., Cervero, R.: Travel and the built environment – a meta-analysis. J. Am. Plann. Assoc. 76, 265–294 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cervero, R., Kockelman, K.: Travel demand and the 3Ds: density, diversity, and design. Transpo. Res. Part D: Transp. Environ. 2(3), 199–219 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gayah, V., Daganzo, C.: Analytical capacity comparison of one-way and two-way signalized street networks. Transpo. Res. Rec.: J. Transpo. Res. Board 2301, 76–85 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Riggs, W., Gilderbloom, J.: Two-way street conversion: evidence of increased livability in Louisville. J. Plan. Educ. Res. 36(1), 105–118 (2016)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Riggs, W., “Hans” Gilderbloom, J.I.: How multi-lane, one-way street design shapes neighbourhood life: collisions, crime and community. Local Environ. 22(1), 1–17 (2017)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Riggs, W., Gilderbloom, J.: The connection between neighborhood walkability and life longevity in a midsized city. Focus 13(1), 11 (2016)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hajrasouliha, A., Yin, L.: The impact of street network connectivity on pedestrian volume. Urban Stud., August 2014.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098014544763CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Southworth, M.: Designing the walkable city. J. Urban Plan. Dev. 131, 246 (2005)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ewing, R., Hajrasouliha, A., Neckerman, K.M., Purciel-Hill, M., Greene, W.: Streetscape features related to pedestrian activity. J. Plann. Educ. Res., July 2015.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0739456X15591585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Riggs, W., Larco, N., Tierney, G., Ruhl, M., Karlin-Resnick, J., Rodier, C.: Autonomous vehicles and the built environment: exploring the impacts on different urban contexts. In: Meyer, G., Beiker, S. (eds.) Road Vehicle Automation 5, pp. 221–232. Springer, Cham (2019)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Harb, M., Xiao, Y., Circella, G., Mokhtarian, P., Walker, J.: Projecting travelers into a world of self-driving cars: naturalistic experiment for travel behavior implications. In: Proceedings of the 97th Transportation Research Board. Washington D.C. (2018)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Boswell, M.R., Riggs, W., Ross, R.: Streetplan: hacking streetmix for community-based outreach on the future of streets. Focus: J. Plann. Pract. Educ. | J. City Reg. Plann. Depart. 13, 59 (2016)Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Riggs, W.W.: Modeling Future Street Options in an AV Future Using Restreet (2017)Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Schlossberg, M., Riggs, W.W., Millard-Ball, A., Shay, E.: Rethinking the street in an era of driverless cars. Urbanism Next (2018)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Evans-Cowley, J., Griffin, G.: Microparticipation with social media for community engagement in transportation planning. Transp. Res. Rec.: J. Transp. Res. Board 2307, 90–98 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Evans-Cowley, J., Kubinski, B.: A Brave New World: How Apps Are Changing Planning. Planetizen: The Urban Planning, Design, and Development Network, September 2012. http://www.planetizen.com/node/58314. Accessed 16 Dec 2014
  29. 29.
    Riggs, W., Gordon, K.: How is mobile technology changing city planning? Developing a taxonomy for the future. Environ. Plann. B Plann. Des., October 2015.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0265813515610337Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Riggs, W.: Technology, civic engagement and street science: hacking the future of participatory street design in the era of self-driving cars. In: Proceedings of the 19th Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research: Governance in the Data Age, pp. 4:1–4:6. Delft, The Netherlands (2018)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Riggs, W., Appleyard, B., Johnson, M.: A design framework for livable streets in the era of autonomous vehicles. In: Proceedings of the 98th Annual Meeting Transportation Research Board. Washington, D.C. (2019)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Riggs
    • 1
    Email author
  • Melissa Ruhl
    • 2
  • Caroline Rodier
    • 3
  • Will Baumgardner
    • 2
  1. 1.University of San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.ArupSan FranciscoUSA
  3. 3.UC DavisDavisUSA

Personalised recommendations