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Plant Biotechnology and Periwinkle

  • Mohamed Ramadan Rady
Chapter

Abstract

Catharanthus roseus is one of the most extensively investigated medicinal plants, which can produce more than 130 alkaloids, including the powerful antitumor drugs vinblastine and vincristine which are used in the treatment of cancer. Alkaloids are one of the most important secondary metabolites known to play a vital role in various pharmaceutical applications leading to an increased commercial importance in recent years. An overview of recent studies which have been used using various approaches of plant tissue, organ culture, regeneration, cryopreservation, and transformation of C. roseus is presented in this chapter. One of the most effective strategies for enhancing the biotechnological production of alkaloid compounds is elicitation. This chapter summarizes the recent research work of various in vitro cultures, abiotic, biotic elicitors, and precursor feeding applied to C. roseus cultural system and their stimulating effects on the accumulation of TIAs.

Keywords

Catharanthus roseus Biosynthesis Cell and callus culture Regeneration Cryopreservation Transformation Hairy root cultures Elicitation Alkaloids 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Ramadan Rady
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant BiotechnologyNational Research CentreGizaEgypt

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