Definitions and Terminology

  • Sharlene G. BuszkaEmail author
  • Timothy Ewest
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Workplace Spirituality and Fulfillment book series (PSTWSP)


While belief in God has remained stable in the United States, the religious landscape continues to shift. Among the notable shifts is the change in how Americans are choosing to identify with religious faith. In 2012, 59% of those surveyed considered themselves “Religious and Spiritual,” but only 48% of those surveyed by Pew Research Center in 2017 did so, an 11% decline. What is of more interest is that in 2012 19% identified themselves as “Spiritual but not Religious,” and in 2017, the numbers grew to 27% of those surveyed (Lipka & Gecewicz, 2017). Within the group that identified as spiritual but not religious, 35% of this group also identified as being Protestant. What’s going on? Sociologists and theologians continue to argue through the causations and implications of these two ways people identify themselves and their transcendence, many Christians nuance these terms differently than one would think. However, this group of “nones” represents potential for others who are serious about integrating their faith in the workplace because, for this growing number of unchurched, work may be the only context in which they hear the gospel or see it in action.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Daemen CollegeAmherstUSA
  2. 2.Houston Baptist UniversityHoustonUSA

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