The Return of Religious Anti-Semitism? The Evidence from World Values Survey Data

  • Hussein SolomonEmail author
  • Arno Tausch
Part of the Perspectives on Development in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region book series (PDMENA)


Background: This paper addresses the return of religious Anti-Semitism by a multivariate analysis of global opinion data from 28 countries.

Methods: For the lack of any available alternative, we used the World Values Survey (WVS) Anti-Semitism study item: rejection of Jewish neighbours. It is closely correlated with the recent ADL-100 Index of Anti-Semitism for more than 100 countries. To test the combined effects of religion and background variables like gender, age, education, income and life satisfaction on Anti-Semitism, we applied the full range of multivariate analysis including promax factor analysis and multiple OLS regression.

Results: Although religion as such still seems to be connected with the phenomenon of Anti-Semitism, intervening variables such as restrictive attitudes on gender and the religion-state relationship play an important role. Western Evangelical and Oriental Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism are performing badly on this account, and there is also a clear global North-South divide for these phenomena.

Conclusions: Challenging patriarchic gender ideologies and fundamentalist conceptions of the relationship between religion and state, which are important drivers of Anti-Semitism, will be an important task in the future. Multiculturalism must be aware of prejudice, patriarchy and religious fundamentalism in the global South.


Relation of Economics to Social Values Index Numbers and Aggregation Anti-Semitism, MENA region Religious Radicalism 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of the Free StateBloemfonteinSouth Africa
  2. 2.University of InnsbruckInnsbruckAustria

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