This chapter explores the various meanings given to “affirmative consent” to sexual contact. It explains why affirmative-consent standards might trouble retributivists and how the benefits of such standards have been exaggerated.
- Doe v. Washington and Lee University, 2015 WL 4647996 (W.D. Va. 2015).Google Scholar
- State ex rel. K.B., 2013 WL 3340654 (N.J. Appel. Divn. 2013).Google Scholar
- State v. Benitez, 2010 WL 4811893 (N.J. Appel. Divn. 2010).Google Scholar
- American Law Institute. 1985. Model penal code. Philadelphia: American Law Institute.Google Scholar
- ———. 2015. Model penal code: Sexual assault and related offenses. Discussion draft no. 2. American Law Institute, Philadelphia.Google Scholar
- Cole, Kevin. 2016. Better sex through criminal law: Proxy crimes, covert negligence, and other difficulties of “affirmative consent” in the ALI’s draft sexual assault provisions. San Diego Law Review 53: 507–577.Google Scholar
- ———. 2017. Sex and the single malt girl: How voluntary intoxication affects consent. Montana Law Review 78: 155–185.Google Scholar
- ———. 2018. Real-world criminal law and the norm against punishing the innocent: Two cheers for threshold deontology. In Moral puzzles and legal perplexities, ed. Heidi M. Hurd. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
- Ferzan, Kimberly Kessler. 2016. Consent, culpability, and the law of rape. Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 13: 397–439.Google Scholar
- Flack, William F., Jr., Kimberly A. Daubman, Marcia L. Caron, Jenica A. Asadorian, Nicole R. D’Aureli, Shannon N. Gigliotti, Anna T. Hall, Sarah Kiser, and Erin R. Stine. 2007. Risk factors and consequences of unwanted sex among university students: Hooking up, alcohol, and stress response. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 22: 139–157.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Gersen, Jacob, and Jeannie Suk. 2016. The sex bureaucracy. California Law Review 104: 881–948.Google Scholar
- Johnson, K.C., and Stuart Taylor Jr. 2017. The campus rape frenzy: The attack on due process at America’s universities. New York: Encounter Books.Google Scholar
- Klein, Ezra. 2014. “Yes means yes” is a terrible law and I completely support it. Vox. https://www.vox.com/2014/10/13/6966847/yes-means-yes-is-a-terrible-bill-and-i-completely-support-it. Accessed 25 Feb 2019.
- MacKinnon, Catherine A. 2016. Rape redefined. Harvard Law and Policy Review 10: 431–477.Google Scholar
- Schulhofer, Stephen J. 1998. Unwanted sex. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
- ———. 2017. Reforming the law of rape. Law and Inequality 35: 335–352.Google Scholar
- Shaw, Lori E. 2016. Title IX, sexual assault, and the issue of effective consent: Blurred lines—When should “yes” mean “no”? Indiana Law Journal 91: 1363–1423.Google Scholar
- The NCHERM Group. 2010. NCHERM model sexual misconduct policy. The NCHERM Group. https://www.ncherm.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/MODELSEXUALMISCONDUCTPOLICY1-10.pdf. Accessed 25 Feb 2019.
- ———. 2017. Due process and the sex police. The NCHERM Group. https://www.ncherm.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/TNG-Whitepaper-Final-Electronic-Version.pdf. Accessed 25 Feb 2019.
- Tuerkheimer, Deborah. 2015. Rape on and off campus. Emory Law Journal 65: 1–45.Google Scholar
- ———. 2016. Affirmative consent. Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 13: 441–468.Google Scholar
© The Author(s) 2019