Other Major Causes of Death

  • Takahiro Tabuchi
  • Mayuko Yonejima
  • Tomoya Hanibuchi
  • Tomoki Nakaya
Part of the Global Perspectives on Health Geography book series (GPHG)


This chapter contains maps of standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) of major causes of death other than cancer and circulatory diseases in Japan from 1995 to 2014. This group contains a wide variety of diseases including tuberculosis, pneumonia, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma, senility, accidents (total and transport-related), and suicide. Despite the large variety of causes of death, most show socioeconomic inequalities based on the areal deprivation index (ADI), and some, such as pneumonia, show clear diverging trends, meaning people are increasingly more likely to die from certain diseases in relatively deprived regions. An obvious exception is senility, a natural death due to the weakness with aging and now a common type of death for Japanese (the fifth leading cause of death) with an inverse socioeconomic disparity. This discrepancy may reflect regional differences in attitudes toward dying and the terminal care of aged people. Suicide was known as an important cause of death with large socioeconomic disparity, but the inequalities indices decreased in the last period from 2010 to 2014.


Tuberculosis Pneumonia Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Asthma Senility Accidents Suicide Cartogram Absolute inequalities of mortality Relative inequalities of mortality 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Takahiro Tabuchi
    • 1
  • Mayuko Yonejima
    • 2
  • Tomoya Hanibuchi
    • 3
  • Tomoki Nakaya
    • 4
  1. 1.Cancer Control CenterOsaka International Cancer InstituteOsakaJapan
  2. 2.Faculty of Humanities and Social SciencesKumamoto UniversityKumamotoJapan
  3. 3.School of International Liberal Studies, Chukyo UniversityNagoyaJapan
  4. 4.Department of Frontier Science for Advanced EnvironmentGraduate School of Environmental Studies, Tohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

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