The author pursued two main objectives. The first was to analyze the conceptualization of wilāya in certain key texts of the Shı̄ʿı̄ thinkers from Shaykh Aḥmad Aḥsāʾı̄ to Ayatollah Khomeini, with emphasis on the influence of Ibn ʿArabı̄ and his mysticism on later scholars. Parallel to this is the importance of studying the nature of authority in Shı̄ʿa Islam. Has authority in Shı̄ʿı̄sm, which is crystalized in the concept of wilāya, changed and developed over time? Or can the fallible, visible, representative/vicegerent of the authority of the imām, himself the infallible, invisible, bearer of the esoteric wisdom and divine wilāya, claim the same authority as the imām? Pertinent to this is the question of whether Shı̄ʿa Islam is a faith of subordination, submission, and subjugation.
- Sūrī, Muḥammad, Ḥakīm Tirmidhī wa Naẓarīyayi Wilāyat (Ḥakīm Tirmidhī and the Theory of Wilāya), the Journal of Falsafah wa Kalām, Vol 4, Winter 1385, p. 96.Google Scholar