The Agadir Platform: A Transatlantic Cooperation to Achieve Sustainable Drylands

  • A. RizzoEmail author
  • A. Sifeddine
  • B. Ferraz
  • E. Huber-Sannwald
  • D. L. Coppock
  • E. M. Abraham
  • L. Bouchaou
Part of the Springer Climate book series (SPCL)


For the purpose of achieving sustainable development in the context of a changing climate, the development and implementation of tripartite cooperation tools, into a transatlantic cooperation framework, is the crux of a project to bring about a transdisciplinary platform focused on research, technology, and innovation in drylands. It finds its roots in the Agadir Declaration of May 2016. The objective of the platform is to set up a “hub or rear base” at the University of Ibn Zohr in Agadir to develop transdisciplinary research and training mechanisms on climate change and its impacts on the functioning of ecosystems and their goods and services in arid and semiarid regions. Currently, the main challenge to achieve sustainable development resides in ensuring that decision-making processes are supported by science. How to translate scientific knowledge on complex long-term issues at the national, cross-regional, and transatlantic scale into better informed public policy remains an open question for multi-sectoral partnerships. The main thread underlying this chapter relates to the establishment of interface models between science and policy: what challenges will the Agadir Platform assume to bridge various forms of interdisciplinary science and policy expertise to inform decision-makers on long-term wicked problems related to drylands socio-ecological systems?


Governance South–South Tripartite cooperation Open data Public policy Sustainability 



The authors greately appreciate stimulating discussions and dialogues with members of the RISZA network and the Agadir Platform during many workshops and group meetings in Mexico and Morocco, in particular special thanks to Dr. Omar Halli and Dr. Omar Akhayat, Director and Vice-Director, respectively of the Ibn Zhor University in Agadir. Elisabeth Huber-Sannwald gratefully acknowledges financial support from CONACYT (projects 280605, 293793, PDCPN-2017/5036). Special thanks also to the CHARISMA project for the constructive inputs and recommendations. The authors also thank IRD researchers and engineers who played an important role into the construction and the implementation of this project.


  1. Adger NW, Dessai S, Goulden M, Hulme M, Lorenzoni I, Nelson DR, Naess LO, Wolf J, Wreford A (2009) Are there social limits to adaptation to climate change? Clim Chang 93:335–354CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bar-Yam Y, Kantor D (2018) A mathematical theory of interpersonal interactions and group behaviorGoogle Scholar
  3. Bastin JF, Berrahmouni N, Grainger A, Maniatis D, Mollicone D, Moore R, Patriarca C, Picard N, Sparrow B, Abraham EM, Aloui K, Atesoglu A, Attore F, Bassüllü C, Bey A, Garzuglia M, García-Montero L, Groot N, Guerin G, Laestadius L, Lowe AJ, Mamane B, Marchi G, Patterson P, Rezende M, Ricci S, Salcedo I, Sanchez-Paus Diaz A, Stolle F, Surappaeva V, Castro R (2017) The extent of forest in the dryland biomes. Science 6338:635–638CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bouragba L, Mudry J, Bouchaou L, Hsissou Y, Krimissa M, Tagma T, Michelot JL (2011) Isotopes and groundwater management strategies under semi-arid area: case of Souss upstream basin. Appl Radiat Isot 69(7):1084–1093CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Burkett VR, Suarez AG, Bindi M, Conde C, Mukerji R, Prather MJ, St. Clair AL, Yohe GW (2014) Point of departure. In: Field CB, Barros VR, Dokken DJ, Mach KJ, Mastrandrea MD, Bilir TE, Chatterjee M, Ebi KL, Estrada YO, Genova RC, Girma B, Kissel ES, Levy AN, MacCracken S, Mastrandrea PR, White LL (eds) Climate change 2014: impacts, adaptation, and vulnerability. Part A: global and sectoral aspects. Contribution of working group II to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 169–194Google Scholar
  6. Carpenter SR, Turner MG (2000) Hares and tortoises: interactions of fast and slow variables in ecosystems. Ecosystems 3:495–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chan S, Brandi C, Bauer S (2016) Aligning transnational climate action with international climate governance: the road from Paris. RECIEL 25(2). ISSN2050-0386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chapin FS, Torn MS, Tateno M (1996) Principles of Ecosystem Sustainability. The American Naturalist 148(6):1016–1037CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chapin FS III, Folke C, Kofinas GP (2009) A framework for understanding change. In: Chapin FS III et al (eds) Principles of ecosystem stewardship. Springer Science, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. Cherlet M, Hutchinson C, Reynolds J, Hill J, Sommer S, von Maltitz G (eds) (2018) World atlas of desertification. Publication Office of the European Union, LuxembourgGoogle Scholar
  11. Coppock DL, Fernández-Giménez M, Hiernaux P, Huber-Sannwald E, Schloeder C, Valdivia C, Arrendondo JT, Jacobs M, Turin C, Turner M (2017) Rangelands in developing nations: conceptual advances and societal implications. In: Briske D (ed) Rangeland systems: processes, management, and challenges. Springer Earth System Sciences. Springer, Berlin, pp 569–641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Head BW (2008) Wicked problems in public policy. Publ Pol 3(2):101–118. Curtin University of Technology. ISSN 1833-2110Google Scholar
  13. Huang J, Yu H, Guan X, Wang G, Guo R (2015) Accelerated dryland expansion under climate change. Nat Clim Chang 6(2):166–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Irwin, T (2018) The Emerging Transition Design Approach. 10.21606/dma.2017.210.Google Scholar
  15. Knight J-R, Allan R-J, Folland C-K, Vellinga M, Mann M (2005) A signature of persistent natural thermohaline circulation cycles in observed climate. Geophys Res Lett 32.
  16. Liu H-Y, Kobernus M (2016) Chapter 7: citizen science and its role in sustainable development: status, trends, issues, and opportunities. In: Analyzing the role of citizen science in modern research (advances in knowledge acquisition, transfer, and management). Scholar
  17. Maaroof A (2015) Big data and the 2030 sustainable development agenda. Report for UN-ESCAP.
  18. Marengo J, Tomasella J, Alves L-M, Soares W-R, Rodriguez D-A (2011) The drought of 2010 in the context of historical droughts in the Amazon region Jose A. Geophys Res Lett 38:2011. Scholar
  19. Méndez M, Magaña V (2010) Regional aspects of prolonged meteorological droughts over Mexico and Central America. J Clim 23(5):1175–1188 Scholar
  20. Morocco Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (Indc) Under The UNFCCC, (2015). Available at:
  21. Olsson P (2003) Building capacity for resilience in social-ecological systems. Stockholm University, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  22. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Global Science Forum (2011) Report on opportunities, challenges and good practices in International Research Cooperation between developed and developing countries, Paris, FranceGoogle Scholar
  23. Ropelewski CF, Halpert MS (1989) Precipitation patterns associated with the high index phase of the southern oscillation. J Clim 2:268–284CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sabel CF, Victor DG (2016) Making the Paris process more effective: a new approach to policy coordination on global climate change. Policy analysis brief. The Stanley Foundation, MuscatineGoogle Scholar
  25. Seif-Ennasr M, Hirich A, Zine El Abidine EM, Choukr-Allah R, Zaaboul R, Nrhira A, Malki M, Bouchaou L, Beraaouz E (2017) Assessment of global change impacts on groundwater resources in Souss-Massa basin. Water resources in arid areas: the way forward. Springer, Cham, pp 115–140. Scholar
  26. Stafford-Smith M, Huigen J (2009) From desert syndrome to desert system: developing a science for desert livingGoogle Scholar
  27. Stafford-Smith DM, Griggs D, Gaffney O, Ullah F, Reyers B, Kanie N, Stigson B, Shrivastava P, Leach M, O’Connell D (2017) Integration: the key to implementing the sustainable development goals. Sustain Sci 12:911–919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Stiglitz J, Ocampo JA, Spiegel S, French-Davis R, Nayyar D (2006) Stability with growth: macroeconomics, liberalization and development. Oxford University Press, Oxford. Scholar
  29. Sun J, Yang K (2016) The wicked problem of climate change: a new approach based on social mess and fragmentation. MDPI. Sustainability 8:1312. Scholar
  30. United Nations (2015) Transforming our world: the 2030 agenda for sustainable development. A/RES/70/1Google Scholar
  31. United Nations Economic and Social Council (UN-ESC) (2008) Background study for the development cooperation forum. Trends in South-South and triangular development cooperation. New York, USAGoogle Scholar
  32. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (2015) Decision 1.CP/21, Adoption of the Paris Agreement.
  33. Verstraete, M, Stafford Smith M, Scholes R (2009) Designing an integrated global monitoring system for drylands. Proceedings, 33rd International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, ISRSE 2009. 898–901Google Scholar
  34. Wise RM, Fazey I, Stafford-Smith DM, Park SE, Eakin HC, Van Gardenen AERM, Campbell B (2014) Reconceptualizing adaptation to climate change as part of pathways of change and response. Glob Environ Chang 28:325–336CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Rizzo
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Sifeddine
    • 2
  • B. Ferraz
    • 3
  • E. Huber-Sannwald
    • 4
  • D. L. Coppock
    • 5
  • E. M. Abraham
    • 6
  • L. Bouchaou
    • 7
  1. 1.UMR ESPACE-DEV (IRD, Université de Montpellier, Université de la Réunion, Université de Guyane, Université des Antilles)MontpellierFrance
  2. 2.UMR LOCEAN (IRD, CNRS, MNHN, Sorbonne Université), Departamento de Geoquimica-UFF-BrazilUNAM-IRD-MexicoCiudad de MéxicoMexico
  3. 3.Centro de Gestão e Estudos Estratégicos (CGEE)BrasiliaBrazil
  4. 4.División de Ciencias AmbientalesInstituto Potosino de Investigación Científica y TecnológicaSan Luis PotosiMexico
  5. 5.Department of Environment and SocietyUtah State UniversityLoganUSA
  6. 6.Instituto Argentino de Investigaciones de las Zonas Aridas (IADIZA-CONICET-Universidad Nacional de Cuyo)MendozaArgentina
  7. 7.Laboratoire de Géologie Appliquée et Géo-Environnement (LAGAGE) Faculté des SciencesUniversité Ibn ZohrAgadirMorocco

Personalised recommendations