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Revisiting the Minangkabau Traditional House in the Central Area of Sumatra: The Case of Limapuluh Koto and Bangkinang

  • Muhammar Khamdevi
Conference paper

Abstract

The study of history and architecture of the Minangkabau’s Rumah Gadang are still incomplete because the old Minangkabau area is not only in West Sumatra Province, but also in North Sumatra, Riau, and Jambi. Whereas the Minangkabau, as one of Austronesian descent, have experienced the history of the old Malay Kingdoms, the Sriwijaya Kingdom, the kingdom of Dhamar- sraya and Malayupura, until the time of Pagaruyung. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct an update to current study by expanding the research location into the central region of Sumatra. In this research, the area to be studied focuses on the Upstream – Downstream (hulu-hilir) of Kampar River region, from the Limapuluh Koto region to the Bangkinang (Kampar) area. This research method is qualitative, by conducting a literature review and field study, to be analysed architecturally to obtain conclusions. The results showed that there is strong architectural linkage between Rumah Gadang in the area of Limapuluh Koto and Rumah Lontiok in Bangkinang area, especially with their spatial arrangement as the genotype.

Keywords

Architectural characteristics Local wisdom Rumah Gadang Rumah Lontiok Traditional house 

Notes

Acknowledgement

This research is supported by Research, Technology, and High Education of Republic of Indonesia. We thank the Architecture Department at Riau University for assistance and comments that greatly improved the report.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammar Khamdevi
    • 1
  1. 1.Matana UniversityTangerangIndonesia

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