Revisiting the Minangkabau Traditional House in the Central Area of Sumatra: The Case of Limapuluh Koto and Bangkinang

  • Muhammar Khamdevi
Conference paper


The study of history and architecture of the Minangkabau’s Rumah Gadang are still incomplete because the old Minangkabau area is not only in West Sumatra Province, but also in North Sumatra, Riau, and Jambi. Whereas the Minangkabau, as one of Austronesian descent, have experienced the history of the old Malay Kingdoms, the Sriwijaya Kingdom, the kingdom of Dhamar- sraya and Malayupura, until the time of Pagaruyung. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct an update to current study by expanding the research location into the central region of Sumatra. In this research, the area to be studied focuses on the Upstream – Downstream (hulu-hilir) of Kampar River region, from the Limapuluh Koto region to the Bangkinang (Kampar) area. This research method is qualitative, by conducting a literature review and field study, to be analysed architecturally to obtain conclusions. The results showed that there is strong architectural linkage between Rumah Gadang in the area of Limapuluh Koto and Rumah Lontiok in Bangkinang area, especially with their spatial arrangement as the genotype.


Architectural characteristics Local wisdom Rumah Gadang Rumah Lontiok Traditional house 



This research is supported by Research, Technology, and High Education of Republic of Indonesia. We thank the Architecture Department at Riau University for assistance and comments that greatly improved the report.


  1. 1.
    Manguin in Coedes, G.: Kedatuan Sriwijaya. Komunitas Bambu, Depok (2014).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Reid, A.: Sumatera Tempo Doeloe: Dari Marcopolo sampai Tan Malaka. Translation of the book: Witness to Sumatra. A Travellers Anthology. Komunitas Bambu, Depok (2014).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hadler, J.: Sengketa Tiada Putus Matriarkat, Reformisme Agama, dan Kolonialisme di Minangkabau. Freedom Institute, Jakarta (2010).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Vellinga, M.: Constituting Unity and Difference: Vernacular Architecture In A Minangkabau Village. Koninklijk Instituut Voor de Tropen, Amsterdam (2005).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Navis, A. A.: Alam Takambang Jadi Guru, Adat dan Kebudayaan Minangkabau. Grafiti Press, Jakarta (1984).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Waterson, R.: The Living House. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1990).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fox, J. J.: Inside Austronesian Houses. ANU Press, Canberra (2006).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Boestami: Arsitektur Tradisional Minangkabau: Rumah Gadang. Kantor Wilayah Departemen P dan K Provinsi Sumatera Barat, Padang (1979).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Syamsidar, B. A.: Arsitektur Tradisional Daerah Sumatra Barat. Departemen Pendidikandan Kebudayaan, Jakarta (1991).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Schefold, R.: Indonesian House, Volume 2: Survey of Vernacular Architecture in Western Indonesia. KITLV Press, Leiden (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Couto, N.: Budaya Visual Seni Tradisi Minangkabau. UNP Press, Padang (2008).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Wahyuningsih.: Arsitektur Tradisional Daerah Riau. Depdikbud, Jakarta (1987).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Habraken, N. J.: Type as Social Agreement. Asian Congress of Architect, Seoul (1988).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Guney: Type and Typology in Architectural Discourse. Bau FBE Dergisi. Vol. 9 No. 1 (2007).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gero J. S. and Ding L.: Exploring Style Emergence in Architectural Designs. Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Science. Vol. 28 No. 5 (2001).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Hanson in Bafna, S.: Rethinking genotype: Comments on the sources of type in architecture. Journal of Space Syntax Vol. 3 No. 1 (2012).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hiller, B.: Specifically architectural theory: a partial account of the ascent from building as cultural transmission to architecture as theoretical concretion. Harvard Architecture Review Vol. 9 (1993).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammar Khamdevi
    • 1
  1. 1.Matana UniversityTangerangIndonesia

Personalised recommendations