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Relation of Binary Opposition Structure (Rwa-Bhineda) Mount-Ocean: A Case Study on Cultural Heritage of Pura Batukaru-Pakendungan/Tanah Lot in the Perspective of Ecofeminism in Bali

  • I. Nyoman Wardi
Conference paper

Abstract

This scientific work aims to reveal the wisdom of the relation the binary opposition structure of mount-ocean in the perspective of Ecofeminism in Bali. The case study is based on the cultural heritages of the Batukaru Temple and Pakendungan/Tanah Lot in Tabanan Regency. The study was conducted through data collection by observation, in-depth interviews and document study. The collected data is analyzed qualitatively using the Deep Ecology and Ecofeminism theoretical approaches. The results of the study showed that in relation of the binary opposition structure (rwa-bhineda), the cultural heritages of the Batukaru-Pura Pakendungan/Tanah Lot Temple which is a representation of the mount (masculine) and ocean/sea (feminine) is contained in the wisdom of cultural ecofeminism. The wisdom values of cultural ecofeminism are contained in them, namely: balance and complementary relation, integration, creativity, fertility, prosperity, harmony and welfare. The Ecofeminism wisdom of the interrelated binary opposition structure of the mount-ocean (Pura Batukaru-Pakendungan/Tanah Lot) can be used as a model or inspiration to change and improve the relationship of masculine-feminine social interaction in conducting duties and obligations with all its rights in various dimensions of social life in Bali. The Ecofeminism wisdom of the binary opposition of the mount-ocean can also be implemented in the government’s development policy in overcoming environmental degradation. Thus, there will be a balanced and successful development in the economic, ecological, social and cultural fields in a sustainable manner.

Keywords

Binary opposition Cultural heritage Ecofeminism 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Nyoman Wardi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Archaeology Faculty of ArtsUdayana UniversityDenpasarIndonesia

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