Advertisement

Henrietta Maria, “Queen of Tears”?: Picturing and Performing the Cavalier Queen

  • Sarah Betts
Chapter
Part of the Queenship and Power book series (QAP)

Abstract

This chapter considers the historical reputation of Queen Henrietta Maria, particularly the crucially intertwined nature of emotional appeal and visual iconography in her (national and international) posthumous imagery over the centuries since her life. Taking three different aspects of her afterlife—her loving marriage, her condemnation as a malign influence over her husband Charles I, and the tragedy of her life after his deposition and execution in 1649—it argues that emotion and image combine in these intensely human moments that resonate in subsequent culture. Looking again at a wide range of source material, from historical pageants to painting, fiction to Victorian stage melodrama, it traces how these emotional engagements with the past continue to reinterpret and reshape popular discourses around Henrietta Maria.

Bibliography

Primary

  1. Aberdeen Press and Journal. “Stirring Pageant of Parliament.” Saturday 30 June 1934.Google Scholar
  2. Ancelot, Jacques-Arsene-Francois Polcarpe. Tête Rondes et Cavaliers: Drame Historique en Trois Actes. Paris, 1833.Google Scholar
  3. Breeskin, Adelyn Dohme. Catalogue of the Paintings in the State House at Annapolis Maryland, 1934. Available Online at http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/stagsere/se1/se14/000027/html/hesitant_revolut/msa/speccol/sc1500/sc1545/e_catalog_2002/1934catalog.html, accessed March 1, 2018.
  4. Brent-Dyer, Elinor M. Elizabeth the Gallant. Modern Edition, Bath: Girls Gone By, 2006.Google Scholar
  5. Chateaubriand, Francois. Les Quatre Stuarts. Paris: Gabriel Roux, 1857.Google Scholar
  6. Colbourne, Maurice. Charles the King: A Chronicle Play. London: Samuel French, 1937.Google Scholar
  7. Creighton, Walter. Pageant of Parliament. London: Fleetway Press, 1934.Google Scholar
  8. Belfast Newsletter. “Historic Pageant at Fountains Abbey.” Thursday 20 August 1908.Google Scholar
  9. Dumas, Alexandre. Twenty Years After. London: Wordsworth, Wordsworth Classics Edition, 2009.Google Scholar
  10. Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. “Exeter Pageant.” Friday 24 June 1932.Google Scholar
  11. Goodall, Frederick. The Reminiscences of Frederick Goodall, R.A. London: The Walter Scott Publishing Co. Ltd, 1902.Google Scholar
  12. Green, Mary Anne Everett, ed. Letters of Queen Henrietta Maria. London: Richard Bentley, 1857.Google Scholar
  13. Hiatt, Charles. Ellen Terry and her impersonations: An Appreciation. London: G. Bell, 1899.Google Scholar
  14. Housman, Lawrence. et al. The Oxford Historical Pageant June 27–July 3 1907 Book of Words, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1907.Google Scholar
  15. Hyde, Edward. Life of Edward, Earl of Clarendon. Oxford: Clarendon Printing House, 1759.Google Scholar
  16. Ludlow, Edmund. Memoirs of Edmund Ludlow. Volume III. London: Publisher Unknown, 1720.Google Scholar
  17. Motter, H.L., ed. The International Who’s Who: Who’s Who in the World 1912. New York: William G. Hewitt Press, 1912.Google Scholar
  18. Mountain, Fiona. Cavalier Queen. London: Arrow Books, 2012.Google Scholar
  19. Newcastle Journal. “Charles I and his Queen Henrietta Maria.” Saturday 24 January 1857.Google Scholar
  20. Nottingham Evening Post. “Dame Ellen Terry: Passing of a Famous Actress.” Saturday 21 July 1928.Google Scholar
  21. Parker, Louis Napoleon. The Dover Pageant July 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, August 1, 1908. Dover: Grigg and Son, 1908.Google Scholar
  22. Plaidy, Jean. Loyal in Love: Henrietta Maria, Wife of Charles I. New York: Three Rivers Press, 1983.Google Scholar
  23. Stickles, Frances Copeland. A Crown for Henrietta Maria: Maryland’s Namesake Queen. Lanham, Maryland: Maryland Historical Press, 1988.Google Scholar
  24. Terry, Ellen. The Story of My Life: Recollections and Reflections. New York: Doubleday, 1908.Google Scholar
  25. The Spectator. “The New Play at the Lyceum Theatre.” October 12, 1872.Google Scholar
  26. The Sphere. “A Charming Scene From the Oxford Pageant.” Saturday 29 June 1907.Google Scholar
  27. The Sphere. “In the Old Days When We Fought the Dons.” Saturday 09 July 1910.Google Scholar
  28. The Sphere. “The World of Books.” Saturday 23 November 1940.Google Scholar
  29. The Stage. “London’s Pageant.” Thursday 9 January 1908.Google Scholar
  30. The Times. “The Coming Dover Pageant.” Thursday 9 July 1908.Google Scholar
  31. Tytler, Sarah. “A Young Oxford Maid: (In the Days of the King and the Parliament).” Girl’s Own Paper. 13th April 1889.Google Scholar
  32. Wills, W.G. Charles the First: An Historical Tragedy in Four Acts. William Blackwood and Sons, Edinburgh and London, 1873.Google Scholar
  33. Yorkshire Gazette. “Historic Pageant at Ripon.” Saturday 22 August 1908.Google Scholar
  34. Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. “The Dover Pageant.” Tuesday 28 July 1908.Google Scholar

Secondary

  1. Bartie, Angela, Paul Caton, Linda Fleming, Mark Freeman, Tom Hulme, Alex Hutton and Paul Readman. The Redress of the Past, http://www.historicalpageants.ac.uk/pageants/
  2. Bell, David A. The Cult of the Nation in France: Inventing Nationalism, 1680–1800. Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Harvard University Press, 2001.Google Scholar
  3. Betts, Sarah. “Power and Passion: Seventeenth-Century Masculinities Dramatized on the BBC in the Twenty-First Century.” In Katherine Byrne, Julie Anne Taddeo and James Leggott (eds.), Conflicting Masculinities: Men in Television Period Drama. London: I.B. Taurus, 2018.Google Scholar
  4. Bingham, Madeleine. Henry Irving and the Victorian Theatre. London: George Allen and Unwin, 1978.Google Scholar
  5. Cubitt, Geoffrey. “The Political Uses of Seventeenth-Century English History in Bourbon Restoration France.” The Historical Journal. 50:1, 2007.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dunn-Hensley, Susan. Anna of Denmark and Henrietta Maria: Virgins, Witches and Catholic Queens. Palgrave Macmillan: Basingstoke, 2017.Google Scholar
  7. Harris, Carolyn. Queenship and Revolution in Early Modern Europe: Henrietta Maria and Marie Antoinette. London: Springer, 2016.Google Scholar
  8. Johnston, Kenneth R. and Nicholes, Joseph. “Transitory Actions, Men Betrayed: The French Revolution in Romantic Drama.” In Hoagwood, Terence Allan and Watkins, Daniel P. (eds.), British Romantic Drama: Historical and Critical Essays. London: Associated Press, 1998.Google Scholar
  9. Knoppers, Laura Lunger. “Cultural Legacies: The English Revolution in Nineteenth-Century British and French Literature and Art.” In Michael J. Braddick (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the English Revolution. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
  10. ———. Politicizing Domesticity from Henrietta Maria to Milton’s Eve. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.Google Scholar
  11. Linnell, Anna-Marie. Writing the Royal Consort in Stuart England. PhD Thesis, University of Exeter, 2016.Google Scholar
  12. Marshall, Rosalind Kay. Henrietta Maria, The Intrepid Queen. Owings Mills, Maryland: Stemmer House Publishers, 1991.Google Scholar
  13. Meisel, Martin. Realizations: Narrative, Pictorial and Theatrical Arts in Nineteenth-Century England. Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, 1983.Google Scholar
  14. Morris, Edward. “Catalogue of paintings drawings and photographs.” In Morris, Edward, and Milner, Frank (eds.), ‘And When Did You Last See Your Father?’: The Painting, Its Background, and Fame. Liverpool: National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside, 1992.Google Scholar
  15. Morris, Edward, and Milner, Frank. ‘And When Did You Last See Your Father?’: The Painting, Its Background, and Fame. Liverpool: National Museums and Galleries on Merseyside, 1992.Google Scholar
  16. Murray, Catriona. Imagining Stuart Family Politics: Dynastic Crisis and Continuity. London: Routledge, 2017.Google Scholar
  17. Nicholes, Joseph. “Revolutions Compared: The English Civil War as Political Touchstone in Romantic Literature.” In Hanley, Keith, and Selden, Raman [eds.], Revolution and English Romanticism: Politics and Rhetoric. New York: St Martin’s Press, 1990.Google Scholar
  18. Plowden, Alison. Henrietta Maria: Charles I’s Indomitable Queen. London: Sutton, 2001.Google Scholar
  19. Rhodes, Kimberley. Ophelia and Victorian Visual Culture: Representing Body Politics in the Nineteenth Century. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008.Google Scholar
  20. Richards, Jeffrey. Sir Henry Irving: A Victorian Actor and His World. Hambledon and London, London and New York, 2005.Google Scholar
  21. Russcol, Diane. “Images of Charles I and Henrietta-Maria in French art, ca. 1815–1855.” Arts Magazine, 62 (1988).Google Scholar
  22. Schoettler, Carl. “A Royal State of Affairs.” The Baltimore Sun, 25th March 1998.Google Scholar
  23. Stanton, Kamille Stone. ‘“An Amazonian Heroickess’: The Military Leadership of Queen Henrietta Maria in Margaret Cavendish’s Bell in Campo (1662).” Early Theatre, 10:2 (2007): 71–86.Google Scholar
  24. Stevenson, Sara, and Helen Bennett. Van Dyck in Check Trousers: Fancy Dress in Art and Life 1700–1900. Edinburgh: Scottish National Portrait Gallery, 1978.Google Scholar
  25. Strong, Roy. And when did you last see your father? The Victorian Painter and British History. London: Thames and Hudson, 1978.Google Scholar
  26. Tscherny, Nadia, and Guy Stair Sainty. Romance and Chivalry: History and Literature Reflected in Early Nineteenth-Century French Painting. New York: Matthiesen Gallery and Stair Sainty Matthiesen, 1996.Google Scholar
  27. Walter, Helen. ‘“Van Dyck in Action’: Dressing Charles I for the Victorian Stage.” Costume. 47:2 (2013).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Wedgewood, C.V. The King’s Peace 1637–1641. London: Folio Society, 2001.Google Scholar
  29. White, Michelle Anne. Henrietta Maria and the English Civil Wars. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006.Google Scholar
  30. Whitaker, Katie. A Royal Passion: The Turbulent Marriage of Charles I and Henrietta Maria. London: Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 2010.Google Scholar
  31. Willie, Rachel. Staging the Revolution: Drama, Reinvention and History 1647–72. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015.Google Scholar
  32. Wilson, Francis. ‘That Memorable Scene’: The Image of King Charles the First in Seventeenth and Eighteenth-Century Literature. PhD Thesis. University of York, 1993.Google Scholar
  33. Wood, Christopher. “Realist or Romantic – Narrative Choices in Victorian Art.” in Carolyn Hill [ed.], Artist as Narrator: Nineteenth Century Narrative Art in England and France. Oklahoma City: Oklahoma City Museum of Art, 2005.Google Scholar
  34. Worden, Blair. Roundhead Reputations: The English Civil Wars and the Passions of Posterity. London: Allen Lane, 2001.Google Scholar
  35. Wright, Beth S. Painting and History during the French Restoration: Abandoned by the Past. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997.Google Scholar
  1. Thompson, Joy. ‘The Watery Maze: A Pageant for Exeter.” Paper given at History in the Limelight: Performing the Past c.1850 to Present, at UCL Institute of Education, September 2016.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Betts
    • 1
  1. 1.University of YorkYorkUK

Personalised recommendations