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Particularities of Drain Liquid in the Small Wetland of Braila Natural Park, Romania

  • Daniel Constantin DiaconuEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Water book series (SPWA)

Abstract

The aim is to highlight the particularities of the hydrological regime and, especially that of the liquid leakage on the lower course of Danube, within one of the many wetlands along the river to correctly quantify the water intake critical periods, for various uses. The current climatic context leads to changes in both liquid flow and land use, vegetation development as well as the risks associated with these changes. Thus, it was desired to quantify and present the way of using the water resources within these wetlands to ensure water volumes during the hot seasons of the year to ensure the volumes of water required for extinguishing the forest fires that can occur in these areas, many of them being natural reserves. It is also the case of the Small Wetland of Braila, a wetland of international interest, being one of the few natural floodplain areas on the lower course of the Danube after the draining of the former inner Delta (Balta Brailei and Balta Ialomitei), which currently preserves complex aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems in a form close to the original one. The significance of this area results from the recognition as a protected area at a national level, European (SCI and SPA) and international (Ramsar site) but it is also noted by the difficulty to establish the water flow, due to the extremely low slopes and the multitudes of channels on the stream.

Keywords

Hydrologic resources Multi-criteria decision analysis GIS Danube river Wildfire risk 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research is being developed by the project “Utilizing stream waters in the suppression of forest fires with the help of new technologies” acronym Streams-2-Suppress-Fires”, cod 2.2.2.73841.323_MIS-ETC 2666.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Meteorology and Hydrology, Research Center for Integrated Analysis and Territorial Management, Faculty of GeographyUniversity of BucharestBucharestRomania

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