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Water Resources from Romanian Upper Tisa Basin

  • Gheorghe ŞerbanEmail author
  • D. Sabӑu
  • R. Bătinaș
  • P. Brețcan
  • E. Ignat
  • S. Nacu
Chapter
Part of the Springer Water book series (SPWA)

Abstract

The Romanian Upper-Tisa Basin identifies itself, from a quantitative point of view, as a space with water resources in excess, due to its place one of the wettest areas of Romania. The aims of the present chapter are to analyse the hydrological regime, which allows the assessment of the water resources of the analysed area. In the first part of the study are presented some introductory elements related to: literature about the study of water resources, general information concerning the analysed territory, information on the monitoring hydrologic activity in the area of study, methods and sources of information that were used for the elaboration of the study. In the second part is presented a brief analysis of the natural conditions (geological, morphological, climatic, hydrographic and soil cover), which conditioning and influence the river runoff. In the third part, it is analysed the actual water resource, being mainly pursued the differences of river runoff, between the two slopes of the basin, one exposed to the east, and the other to the west. Among the various parameters, used to emphasize the resource of water in a territory have been analysed: the volume of average flow, the average drained layer, the average specific runoff, the coefficient of average river-flow. The fourth part is focused on the analysis of the way in which the population benefits of water resources in terms of the quantity and of the failures existing in the water supply systems. A flow layer composite raster structure was built, for comparing the surface natural resource with used by population water resource, and showing the areas where the amount of water available for the population is in deficit. The study ends with some conclusions related to the analysed subject and with the list of references.

Keywords

Romanian Upper Tisa Basin GIS Flow indicators Water resource Water supply 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We want to thank to the “Someș-Tisa” Water Basin Administration, Cluj (S.T.W.B.A.), to the Babeș-Bolyai University—Faculty of Geography—Physical and Technical Department for the logistic support, to the “Romanian Waters” National Administration, Bucharest (R.W.N.A.) (See footnote 9) and National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management, Bucharest (N.I.H.W.M.), for the provided data and for all informations that made possible the achievement of this study.

We also thank to all local institutions and to all of those who have offered or will offer suggestions for the improvement of the present paper.

This study has been, also, realized thanks to the “Integrated study on the contribution of the ecosystems from the protected areas Natura 2000: Pricop-Huta Certeze and Upper Tisa to the local communities’ sustainable development”, international project, Systemic Ecology And Natural Capital Conservation, 2015, Norwegian Institute For Nature Research, Norway.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gheorghe Şerban
    • 1
    Email author
  • D. Sabӑu
    • 2
  • R. Bătinaș
    • 1
  • P. Brețcan
    • 3
  • E. Ignat
    • 4
  • S. Nacu
    • 5
  1. 1.Faculty of GeographyBabeş-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania
  2. 2.“Romanian Waters” National Administration—“Someș-Tisa” Regional Water BranchCluj-NapocaRomania
  3. 3.Faculty of Humanities, Department of GeographyValahia UniversityTârgovișteRomania
  4. 4.Coțofănești Secondary SchoolCoțofăneștiRomania
  5. 5.“Romanian Waters” National AdministrationBucharestRomania

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