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Mulches for Regulation of Soil Temperature

  • Khawar Jabran
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Plant Science book series (BRIEFSPLANT)

Abstract

Extreme fluctuations in the soil temperature may cause severe negative impacts on plants and on the other biological communities in the soil as well. It is supposed that there was a rise in temperature fluctuations owing to current series of climate changes. Under this situation, some measures are needed in order to protect the soil (and hence the plants and other beneficial living entities in the soil). Soil mulching may play a role in insulating the soil and regulating the soil temperature. The regulation of soil temperature and reduce in temperature swung with the help of mulches benefit both the plants and other biological entities inhabiting in the soil. Moreover, some types of mulches raise the soil temperature (e.g., black plastic mulch), while the other may lower the soil temperature (e.g., many types of straw mulches). The mulches that lower the soil temperature may be employed in the summer crops that need a cool microclimate. On the contrary, the black plastic mulch can be utilized both in the winter crops and the summer crops that are grown during or at the end of winter season (i.e., just before or at the start of summer while temperatures are still not high enough to facilitate the seed germination and there are chances of seedling chilling stress). Importantly, the damages (for instance, overheating by black plastic mulching and decreased crop yield through reduced soil temperature by the straw mulch) caused by mulches should be avoided through careful utilization of the technology. Optimization of the mulches for their type, time of application, quantity, etc. may help to harness maximum of their benefits.

Keywords

Mulch Temperature regulation Soil Straw mulch Plastic mulch 

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khawar Jabran
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Production and Technologies, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and TechnologiesNiğde Ömer Halisdemir UniversityNiğdeTurkey

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