Advertisement

Mulches for Weed Control

  • Khawar Jabran
Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Plant Science book series (BRIEFSPLANT)

Abstract

Crop production systems are gravely vulnerable to weeds. Non-chemical weed control such as mulches is required due to herbicide-resistant weeds and environmental pollution caused by herbicides. Several types of plastic mulches have been investigated for controlling weeds in different kinds of cropping systems. Among these, black plastic mulch has been found the most effective and popular. However, due to environmental demerits of plastic mulch, degradable or biodegradable mulches have been suggested as alternative to black plastic mulch. More research and funding should be provided for the development and field application of degradable/biodegradable mulches. Several kinds of straw mulches have also been investigated and provide encouraging results for weed control in field crops. Nevertheless, some of the studies indicated that straw mulch may not provide viable weed control under certain field situations. In some studies, the paper mulches have also provided some promising results for weed control in different crops. Many types of organic wastes have the potential to suppress weeds if appropriately converted to a mulch.

Keywords

Weeds Mulches Non-chemical weed control Straw mulch Plastic mulch Integrated weed management 

References

  1. Abouziena, H.F. and Haggag, W.M., 2016. Weed control in clean agriculture: a review. Planta Daninha, 34(2), 377–392.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Anzalone, A., Cirujeda, A., Aibar, J., Pardo, G. and Zaragoza, C., 2010. Effect of biodegradable mulch materials on weed control in processing tomatoes. Weed Technology, 24(3), 369–377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barnes, J. P., and A. R. Putnam., 1983. Rye residues contribute weed suppression in no-tillage cropping systems." Journal of Chemical Ecology 9: 1045–1057.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bartley, P.C., Wehtje, G.R., Murphy, A.M., Foshee, W.G. and Gilliam, C.H., 2017. Mulch type and depth influences control of three major weed species in nursery container production. HortTechnology, 27(4), 465–471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Billeaud, L.A. and Zajicek, J.M., 1989. Influence of mulches on weed control, soil pH, soil nitrogen content, and growth of Ligustrum japonicum. Journal of Environmental Horticulture, 7(4), 155–157.Google Scholar
  6. Brault, D., Stewart, K.A. and Jenni, S., 2002. Optical properties of paper and polyethylene mulches used for weed control in lettuce. HortScience, 37(1), 87–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Brown, M.W. and Tworkoski, T., 2004. Pest management benefits of compost mulch in apple orchards. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 103(3), 465–472.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Budelman, A., 1988. The performance of the leaf mulches of Leucaena leucocephala, Flemingia macrophylla and Gliricidia sepium in weed control. Agroforestry Systems, 6(1-3), 137–145.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Caamal-Maldonado, J.A., Jiménez-Osornio, J.J., Torres-Barragán, A. and Anaya, A.L., 2001. The use of allelopathic legume cover and mulch species for weed control in cropping systems. Agronomy Journal, 93(1), 27–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Campiglia, E., Caporali, F., Radicetti, E. and Mancinelli, R., 2010a. Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth.) cover crop residue management for improving weed control and yield in no-tillage tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) production. European Journal of Agronomy, 33(2), 94–102.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Campiglia, E., Mancinelli, R., Radicetti, E. and Caporali, F., 2010b. Effect of cover crops and mulches on weed control and nitrogen fertilization in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Crop Protection, 29(4), 354–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cheema Z.A., Asim, M., Khaliq, A. 2000. Sorghum allelopathy for weed control in cotton (Gossypium arboreum L.). International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 2: 37–41.Google Scholar
  13. Cheema, Z.A., Khaliq, A. and Saeed, S., 2004. Weed control in maize (Zea mays L.) through sorghum allelopathy. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 23(4), 73–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Cirujeda, A., Aibar, J., Anzalone, Á., Martín-Closas, L., Meco, R., Moreno, M.M., Pardo, A., Pelacho, A.M., Rojo, F., Royo-Esnal, A. and Suso, M.L., 2012. Biodegradable mulch instead of polyethylene for weed control of processing tomato production. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 32(4), 889–897.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Crutchfield, D.A., Wicks, G.A. and Burnside, O.C., 1986. Effect of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) straw mulch level on weed control. Weed Science, 110–114.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Erenstein, O., 2002. Crop residue mulching in tropical and semi-tropical countries: An evaluation of residue availability and other technological implications. Soil and Tillage Research, 67(2), 115–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Farooq, M., Flower, K.C., Jabran, K., Wahid, A. and Siddique, K.H.M., 2011a. Crop yield and weed management in rainfed conservation agriculture. Soil and Tillage Research, 117, 172–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Farooq, M., Jabran, K., Cheema, Z.A., Wahid, A. and Siddique, K.H.M., 2011b. The role of allelopathy in agricultural pest management. Pest Management Science, 67(5), 493–506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Genger, R.K., Rouse, D.I. and Charkowski, A.O., 2018. Straw mulch increases potato yield and suppresses weeds in an organic production system. Biological Agriculture & Horticulture, 34(1), 53–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Grundy, A.C. and Bond, B., 2007. Use of non-living mulches for weed control. Non-Chemical Weed Management, pp.135–153.Google Scholar
  21. Gul, B., Marwat, K.B., Hassan, G., Khan, A., Hashim, S. and Khan, I.A., 2009. Impact of tillage, plant population and mulches on biological yield of maize. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 41(5), 243–2249.Google Scholar
  22. Hammermeister, A.M., 2016. Organic weed management in perennial fruits. Scientia Horticulturae, 208, 28–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hembry, J.K. and Davies, J.S., 1993. Using mulches for weed control and preventing leaching of nitrogen fertiliser. In VII International Symposium on Timing Field Production of Vegetables 371 (pp. 311–316).Google Scholar
  24. Hutchinson, C.M. and McGiffen, M.E., 2000. Cowpea cover crop mulch for weed control in desert pepper production. HortScience, 35(2), 196–198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Jabran, K., 2017a. Manipulation of Allelopathic Crops for Weed Control, 1st ed.; Springer Nature International Publishing: Cham, Switzerland.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Jabran, K., 2017b. Allelopathy: Introduction and Concepts. In: Manipulation of Allelopathic Crops for Weed Control, 1st ed.; Springer Nature International Publishing: Cham, Switzerland. pp: 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Jabran, K., 2017c. Wheat Allelopathy for Weed Control. In: Manipulation of Allelopathic Crops for Weed Control, 1st ed.; Springer Nature International Publishing: Cham, Switzerland. pp: 13–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Jabran, K., 2017d. Brassicaceae Allelopathy for Weed Control. In: Manipulation of Allelopathic Crops for Weed Control, 1st ed.; Springer Nature International Publishing: Cham, Switzerland. pp: 21–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Jabran, K., 2017e. Maize Allelopathy for Weed Control. In: Manipulation of Allelopathic Crops for Weed Control, 1st ed.; Springer Nature International Publishing: Cham, Switzerland. pp: 29–34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Jabran, K., 2017f. Rice Allelopathy for Weed Control. In: Manipulation of Allelopathic Crops for Weed Control, 1st ed.; Springer Nature International Publishing: Cham, Switzerland. pp: 35–48.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Jabran, K., 2017g. Rye Allelopathy for Weed Control. In: Manipulation of Allelopathic Crops for Weed Control, 1st ed.; Springer Nature International Publishing: Cham, Switzerland. pp: 49–56.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jabran, K., 2017h. Barley Allelopathy for Weed Control. In: Manipulation of Allelopathic Crops for Weed Control, 1st ed.; Springer Nature International Publishing: Cham, Switzerland. pp: 57–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Jabran, K., 2017i. Sorghum Allelopathy for Weed Control. In: Manipulation of Allelopathic Crops for Weed Control, 1st ed.; Springer Nature International Publishing: Cham, Switzerland. pp: 65–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Jabran, K., 2017j. Sunflower Allelopathy for Weed Control. In: Manipulation of Allelopathic Crops for Weed Control, 1st ed.; Springer Nature International Publishing: Cham, Switzerland. pp: 77–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Jabran, K., Chauhan, B.S., 2018a. Overview and significance of non-chemical weed control. In: Jabran, K., Chauhan. B.S. (eds.) Non-Chemical Weed Control. Elsevier, Academic Press, London, United Kingdom.Google Scholar
  36. Jabran, K., Chauhan, B.S., 2018b. Weed Control Using Ground Cover Systems. In: Jabran, K., Chauhan. B.S. (eds.) Non-Chemical Weed Control. Elsevier, Academic Press, London, United Kingdom.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Jabran, K., Chauhan, B.S., 2018c. Non-Chemical Weed Control. Elsevier, Academic Press, London, United Kingdom.Google Scholar
  38. Jabran, K., Mahajan, G., Sardana, V. and Chauhan, B.S., 2015. Allelopathy for weed control in agricultural systems. Crop Protection, 72, 57–65.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Jodaugienė, D., Pupalienė, R., Urbonienė, M., Pranckietis, V. and Pranckietienė, I., 2006. The impact of different types of organic mulches on weed emergence. Agronomy Research, 4, 197–201.Google Scholar
  40. Khalid, S., Shehzad, M., Zahoor, F., Mubeen, K., Ahmad, A. and Ali, E., 2018. Parthenium hysterophorus herbage mulching: a potential source of weeds control in soybean (Glycine max). Planta Daninha, 36.Google Scholar
  41. Kosterna, E., 2014. The effect of different types of straw mulches on weed-control in vegetables cultivation. Journal of Ecological Engineering, 15(4): 109–117.Google Scholar
  42. Lament, W.J., 1993. Plastic mulches for the production of vegetable crops. HortTechnology, 3(1), 35–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Mahajan, G., Sharda, R., Kumar, A. and Singh, K.G., 2007. Effect of plastic mulch on economizing irrigation water and weed control in baby corn sown by different methods. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(1), 19–26.Google Scholar
  44. Monks, C.D., Monks, D.W., Basden, T., Selders, A., Poland, S. and Rayburn, E., 1997. Soil temperature, soil moisture, weed control, and tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) response to mulching. Weed Technology, 561–566.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Moore, M.J., Gillespie, T.J. and Swanton, C.J., 1994. Effect of cover crop mulches on weed emergence, weed biomass, and soybean (Glycine max) development. Weed Technology, 512–518.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Mulvaney, M.J., Price, A.J. and Wood, C.W., 2011. Cover crop residue and organic mulches provide weed control during limited-input no-till collard production. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 35(3), 312–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Nawaz, A., Farooq, M., Lal, R., Rehman, A., Hussain, T. and Nadeem, A., 2017. Influence of sesbania brown manuring and rice residue mulch on soil health, weeds and system productivity of conservation rice–wheat systems. Land Degradation & Development, 28(3), 1078–1090.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Ngouajio, M. and Ernest, J., 2004. Light transmission through colored polyethylene mulches affects weed populations. HortScience, 39(6), 1302–1304.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Oerke, E.C., 2006. Crop losses to pests. The Journal of Agricultural Science, 144(1), 31–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Pannacci, E., Lattanzi, B. and Tei, F., 2017. Non-chemical weed management strategies in minor crops: A review. Crop Protection, 96, 44–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Pinamonti, F., 1998. Compost mulch effects on soil fertility, nutritional status and performance of grapevine. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 51(3), 239–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Prill, S., 2017. Biodegradable Plant Mulch Device. U.S. Patent Application 15/178,116.Google Scholar
  53. Radics, L. and Szné Bognár, E., 2002. Comparison of different mulching methods for weed control in organic green bean and tomato. In XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Sustainability of Horticultural Systems in the 21st Century 638(pp. 189–196).Google Scholar
  54. Ramakrishna, A., Tam, H.M., Wani, S.P. and Long, T.D., 2006. Effect of mulch on soil temperature, moisture, weed infestation and yield of groundnut in northern Vietnam. Field Crops Research, 95(2-3), 115–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Ranaivoson L., Naudin K., Ripoche A., Rabeharisoa L., Corbeels M. 2018. Is mulching an efficient way to control weeds? Effects of type and amount of crop residue in rainfed rice based cropping systems in Madagascar. Field Crops Research, 217: 20–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Roe, N.E., Stoffella, P.J. and Bryan, H.H., 1993. Municipal solid waste compost suppresses weeds in vegetable crop alleys. HortScience, 28(12), 1171–1172.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Saoir, S. and Mansfield, J., 1998. The potential for spent mushroom compost as a mulch for weed control in bramley orchards. In International Conference on Integrated Fruit Production 525 (pp. 427–430).Google Scholar
  58. Skroch, W.A., Powell, M.A., Bilderback, T.E. and Henry, P.H., 1992. Mulches: durability, aesthetic value, weed control, and temperature. Journal of Environmental Horticulture, 10(1), 43–45.Google Scholar
  59. Splawski, C.E., Regnier, E.E., Harrison, S.K., Bennett, M.A. and Metzger, J.D., 2016. Weed suppression in pumpkin by mulches composed of organic municipal waste materials. HortScience, 51(6), 720–726.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Steinmetz Z., Wollmann C., Schaefer M., Buchmann C., David J., Tröger J., Muñoz K., Frör O., Schaumann, G.E., 2016. Plastic mulching in agriculture. Trading short-term agronomic benefits for long-term soil degradation? Science of the Total Environment 550, 690–705.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Swanton, C.J. and Weise, S.F., 1991. Integrated weed management: the rationale and approach. Weed Technology, 5(3), 657–663.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Tursun, D. Isik, Z. Demir, K. Jabran. 2018. Use of living, mowed, and soil-incorporated cover crops for weed control in apricot orchards. Agronomy, 8, 150;  https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy8080150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Yordanova, M. and Gerasimova, N., 2016. Effect of mulching on weed infestation and yield of beetroot (Beta vulgaris ssp. rapaceae atrorubra Krass). Organic Agriculture, 6(2), 133–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khawar Jabran
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant Production and Technologies, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences and TechnologiesNiğde Ömer Halisdemir UniversityNiğdeTurkey

Personalised recommendations