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Toxicities from Human Drugs

  • PK Gupta
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter deals with both veterinary and human drugs encompassing a large number of products, many containing multiple active ingredients, which are most often reported to cause acute poisonings or adverse reactions in animals. Drug poisonings in animals occur commonly due to off-label use of medicines, wrong dosage, negligence, accidental ingestion, and deliberate poisonings. Exposures to OTC drugs in pets can be accidental or intentional; however, veterinary drugs may become toxic in therapeutic doses when adverse effects may occur. In dogs, accidental ingestion and deliberate poisonings containing ma huang and guarana can have synergistic effects when ingested together and can lead to severe hyperactivity, tremors, seizures, vomiting, tachycardia, hyperthermia, and death within a few hours of exposure. Pets commonly ingest prescription medications from countertops, pill minders, mail-order packages, or other sources.

Keywords

Drug poisonings OTC drug toxicity Accidental ingestion Accidental poisonings Deliberate poisoning Toxicities from human drugs Question and answer bank Multiple choice questions 

Further Reading

  1. Aiello SE (2016) The Merck veterinary manual, 11th edn. Merck & Co Inc, KenilworthGoogle Scholar
  2. Bischoff K (2018) Toxicity of drugs of abuse. In: Gupta RC (ed) Veterinary toxicology: basic and clinical principles, 3rd edn. Academic Press/Elsevier, San Diego, pp 385–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bischoff K (2018) Toxicity of over-the-counter drugs. In: Gupta RC (ed) Veterinary toxicology: basic and clinical principles, 3rd edn. Academic Press/Elsevier, San Diego, pp 357–384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gupta PK (2018) Illustrative toxicology, 1st edn. Elsevier, San DiegoGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • PK Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Toxicology Consulting Group, Academy of Sciences for Animal WelfareBareillyIndia

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