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Toxic Effects of Metals and Micronutrients

  • PK Gupta
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter deals with the adverse effects of a wide range of metals and micronutrients such as arsenic, lead, mercury, copper, fluoride, iron, molybdenum, selenium, zinc, salt poisoning, etc. that have an important role in animal practice. These metals have also been used to make utensils, machinery, and so on. These activities increased environmental levels of metals. More recently metals have found a number of uses in industry, agriculture, and medicine. These activities have increased exposure not only to metal-related occupational workers but also to animals through environmental contamination or through other sources. Despite the wide range of metals and their toxic properties, there are a number of toxicological features that are common to many metals. Toxicity of a few of these metals that are of veterinary importance have been briefly discussed.

Keywords

Metals Micronutrients Arsenic Lead Mercury Copper Fluoride Iron Molybdenum Selenium Zinc Salt poisoning Question and answer bank Multiple choice questions 

Further Reading

  1. Curtis D, Klaassen CD, Watkins IIIJB (eds) (2015) Casarett & Doull’s essentials of toxicology, 3rd edn. McGraw-Hill, USAGoogle Scholar
  2. Gupta PK (2010) Modern toxicology: adverse effects of Xenobiotics, vol 2 , 2nd reprint. PharmaMed Press, HyderabadGoogle Scholar
  3. Gupta PK (2018) Illustrative toxicology, 1st edn. Elsevier, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  4. Gupta Ramesh C (2018) Veterinary toxicology: basic and clinical principles, 3rd edn. Academic Press/Elsevier, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  5. Liu J, Goyer RA, Waalkes MP (2013) Toxic effects of metals. In: Klaassen CD (ed) Casarett and Doull’s toxicology: the basic science of poisons, 8th edn. McGraw-Hill, New York, pp 931–980Google Scholar
  6. Toker EJ, Boyd WA, Freedman JR, Waalkes MP (2013) Toxic effects of metals. In: Klaassen CD (ed) Casarett and Doull’s toxicology: the basic science of poisons, 8th edn. McGraw-Hill, New York, pp 981–1030Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • PK Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Toxicology Consulting Group, Academy of Sciences for Animal WelfareBareillyIndia

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