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Veterinary Clinical Toxicology

  • PK Gupta
Chapter

Abstract

The purpose of this chapter is to briefly describe veterinary clinical toxicology that combines the disciplines diagnostic toxicology, analytical chemistry, and prevention and treatment. Therefore, the answer is deceptively a simple question, did a chemical make an animal sick or kill it, and if so, which chemical? This seemingly simple question may be extremely challenging to answer because chemical testing is often required to confirm the diagnosis. For diagnosis of toxicosis, circumstantial evidence, history, clinical signs, lesions, laboratory examinations, and, in some cases, analytical procedures are valuable but do not replace a thorough clinical and postmortem examination. The most critical samples to be collected are generally stomach contents, liver, kidney, whole blood, plasma/serum, and urine, but exceptions exist, such as cerebral tissue for cholinesterase analysis. Prevention and treatment needs lifesaving measures using other measures such as prevention of further poison absorption, enhancement of poison elimination, supportive treatment, and specific antidote.

Keywords

Veterinary clinical toxicology Diagnosis of toxicosis Circumstantial evidence Laboratory examinations Analytical procedures Treatment Antidote Question and answer bank Multiple coice questions 

Further Reading

  1. Gupta PK (2010) Principles of non-specific therapy. In: Gupta PK (ed) Modern toxicology: the adverse effects of Xenobiotics, vol 3 , 2nd reprint. PharmaMed Press, Hyderabad, pp 210–243Google Scholar
  2. Gupta PK (2010) Mechanism of antidotal therapy. In: Gupta PK (ed) Modern toxicology: the adverse effects of Xenobiotics, vol 3 , 2nd reprint. PharmaMed Press, Hyderabad, pp 244–264Google Scholar
  3. Gupta PK (2016) Fundamentals of toxicology: essential concepts and applications (chapter 9), 1st edn. BSP/Elsevier, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  4. Gupta PK (2018) Illustrative toxicology, 1st edn. Elsevier, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  5. Gupta RC (ed) (2018) Veterinary toxicology: basic and clinical principles, 3rd edn. Academic Press/Elsevier, San DiegoGoogle Scholar
  6. Klaassen CD, Watkins JB III (eds) (2015) Casarett & Doull’s essentials of toxicology, 3rd edn. McGraw-HillGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • PK Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Toxicology Consulting Group, Academy of Sciences for Animal WelfareBareillyIndia

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