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Veterinary Drug Residue Hazards

  • PK Gupta
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter is limited to a review of the result of veterinary drugs and other chemicals in food-producing animals. Use of veterinary drug has the potential to generate residues in animal-derived products (meat, milk, eggs, and honey). In addition, degradation products, which are the result of the medicine breaking down into its component parts, also pose a health hazard to the consumer because these residues that remain in animal products make their way into the food chain. The major public health significances of drug residue include (a) development of antimicrobial drug resistance; (b) hypersensitivity reaction; (c) carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and teratogenicity; and (d) disruption of intestinal normal flora. The residual amount ingested is in small amounts and may not necessarily be toxic.

Keywords

Veterinary drug residues Public health Antimicrobial drug resistance Hypersensitivity reactions Question and answer bank Multiple choice questions 

Further Reading

  1. Beyene T (2016) Veterinary drug residues in food-animal products: its risk factors and potential effects on public health. J Vet Sci Technol 7:1.  https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7579.1000285CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Concordet D, Toutain PL (1997) The withdrawal time estimation of veterinary drugs revisited. J Vet Pharmacol Ther 20(5):380–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. USDA (2007) What are withdrawal times (periods) for meat and milk, and where can they be found? Beef Cattle, Dairy. Cooperative Exrension, USDA. https://articles.extension.org/pages/35903/what-are-withdrawal-times-periods-for-meat-and-milk-and-where-can-they-be-found

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • PK Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Toxicology Consulting Group, Academy of Sciences for Animal WelfareBareillyIndia

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