Food Hazards

  • PK Gupta


This chapter is limited to a review of the food hazards as a result from accidental or deliberate consumption of large quantities of avocado, beard doughs, chocolate, macadamia nuts, xylitol, and raisins and grapes that represent significant risks to farm livestock and pet animals. Food safety hazards associated with animal feed can be biological, chemical, or physical. Each hazard is associated with particular sources and routes of contamination and exposure. Hazards may also be introduced with source materials or via carryover or contamination of products during handling, storage, and transportation. However, the role of water as a potential source of hazards should not be overlooked.


Toxicity of avocado Beard doughs Chocolate Macadamia nuts Xylitol Raisin and grape toxicity Question and answer bank Multiple choice questions 

Further Reading

  1. Aiello SE (2016) The Merck veterinary manual, 11th edn. Merck & Co Inc.Google Scholar
  2. FAO (2009) Health hazards associated with animal feed. FAO Rome, Section 1,
  3. Sutmoller P (1997) Contaminated food of animal origin: hazards and risk management. In: Contamination of animal products: prevention and risks for public health. OIE scientific and technical review Volume 16(2) .

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • PK Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Toxicology Consulting Group, Academy of Sciences for Animal WelfareBareillyIndia

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