This chapter deals with acute or chronic toxicoses that can result from exposure to feed or bedding contaminated with toxins produced during growth of various saprophytic or phytopathogenic fungi or molds on cereals, hay, straw, pastures, or any other fodder. These fungi are known to produce various toxins and lead to various problems in animals. A few of commonly observed toxicoses observed in animals include aflatoxicosis, ochratoxin A (OTA) poisoning, ergot poisoning (also known ergotism), estrogenism, vulvovaginitis, facial eczema, fescue lameness (fescue foot), fumonisin toxicosis, mycotoxic lupinosis, trichothecene toxicosis, ryegrass staggers, paspalum staggers, slaframine toxicosis, Degnala disease, tremorgenic mycotoxicosis, etc. Some toxins are not consistently produced by specific molds and are known as secondary (not essential) metabolites that are formed under conditions of stress to the fungus or its plant host.
KeywordsMycotoxicoses Aflatoxicosis Ochratoxin A (OTA) poisoning Ergot poisoning Tremorgenic mycotoxicosis Ryegrass staggers Paspalum staggers Slaframine toxicosis Question and answer bank Multiple choice questions
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