Pan-Africanism, Emerging Technologies, and Sustainable Development

  • Thierno ThiamEmail author
  • Gilbert Rochon


This chapter examines an array of emerging technologies that serve facilitative roles in contributing to African continental sustainable development and ultimately toward sustainable unification. Among the case studies to be examined are South Africa’s Center for High Performance Computing in Cape Town, which for the first time put Africa in the Top 500 Supercomputer list, and the African Association for Remote Sensing of the Environment (AARSE) whose membership now includes multiple African countries that have their own telecommunications and earth observing satellites in orbit. Other case studies identified are the NATO Science for Peace funded Mediterranean Dialogue Earth Observatory for Early Warning of Biogenic & Anthropogenic Disasters and Epidemics based in Morocco, as well as the Great Green Wall Project along the Sahara and the emergence of large-scale solar farms.


  1. Ahmad, Aqueil. 1992. Introduction. Journal of Asian and African Studies 27 (1–2): 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ecofin News Agency. 2019. Atos to Deliver Senegal’s Supercomputer in the Coming Months. Available online at
  3. EIS-Africa. 2002. Geo-information Supports Decision-making in Africa: An EIS-Africa Position Paper (draft). Available at: Accessed 20 Dec 2009.
  4. FAO 2018. Boosting Farm Productivity in Africa Through the Sustainable Use of Machines. Available online at
  5. Gaillard, Jacques, and Roland Waast. 1992. The Uphill Emergence of Scientific Communities. Journal of Asian and African Studies 27 (1–2): 41–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Lachman, Beth, A. Wong, D. Knopman, and K. Gavin. 2001. Lessons for the Global Spatial Data Infrastructure: International Case Study Analysis. Washington, DC: RAND Science and Technology Policy Institute.Google Scholar
  7. Larkins, Brian. 2009. Emerging Technologies to Benefit Farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. Washington, DC: National Research Council.Google Scholar
  8. Li, Yan, E. Kalnay, S. Motesharrei, J. Rivas, F. Kucharski, D. Kirk-Davidoff, and E. Bach. 2018. Climate Model Shows Large-Scale Wind and Solar Farms in the Sahara Increase Rain and Vegetation. Science 361 (6406): 1019–1022.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Merkel, A. 1998. The Role of Science in Sustainable Development. Science 281: 336.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. NASA 2009. EOS Program Description. Available online at Accessed 30 Apr 2009.
  11. Nkrumah, Kwame. 1963. Africa Must Unite. New York: Frederick A. Praeger, Inc.Google Scholar
  12. Rochon, Gilbert. 2009. Space-Based Technologies and High Performance Computing in Support of Environmental Sustainability in Developing Countries. Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy 11 (3): 251–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Schmidt, Charles. 2005. Terra Cognita: Using Earth Observing Systems to Understand our World. Environmental Health Perspectives 113 (2): 99–104.Google Scholar
  14. Smith, Charles, and Gareth Rees. 1998. Economic Development. 2nd ed. Basingstoke: Macmillan.Google Scholar
  15. United Nations. 1987. Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development. General Assembly Resolution 42/187, 11 December 1987.Google Scholar
  16. Vitta, Paul. 1992. Management of Technology Policy in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Policy Researcher’s Burden. Journal of Asian and African Studies 27 (1–2): 30–40.Google Scholar
  17. World Economic Forum. 2015. Africa Competitiveness Report 2015. Available at

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tuskegee UniversityTuskegeeUSA
  2. 2.Tulane UniversityNew OrleansUSA

Personalised recommendations