Advertisement

Hypothetical Solution-Culture System Sub-Models

  • Udo Blum
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter describes the source (input)-sink relationships, processes, mechanisms and causes and effects of phenolic acids such as ferulic acid, p-coumaric acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid and/or vanillic acid by means of a conceptual and hypothetical sub-models for a cucumber seedling-solution culture system.

References

  1. Alberts B, Bray D, Lewis J, Raff M, Roberts K, Watson JD (1989) Molecular biology of the cell, 2nd edn. Garland Publishing, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Bergmark CL, Jackson WA, Volk RJ, Blum U (1992) Differential inhibition by ferulic acid of nitrate and ammonium uptake in Zea mays L. Plant Physiol 98:639–645CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blum U (2011) Plant–plant allelopathic interactions: phenolic acids, cover crops, and weed emergence. Springer, DordrechtCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Blum U (2014) Plant–plant allelopathic interactions II: laboratory bioassays for water-soluble compounds with an emphasis on phenolic acids. Springer, ChamCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Blum U, Dalton BR (1985) Effects of ferulic acid, an allelopathic compound, on leaf expansion of cucumber seedlings grown in nutrient culture. J Chem Ecol 11:279–301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Blum U, Gerig TM (2005) Relationships between phenolic acid concentrations, transpiration, water utilization, leaf area expansion, and uptake of phenolic acids: nutrient bioassay studies. J Chem Ecol 31:1907–1932CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Blum U, Rebbeck J (1989) Inhibition and recovery of cucumber roots given multiple treatments of ferulic acid in nutrient culture. J Chem Ecol 15:917–928CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Blum U, Dalton BR, Shann JR (1985a) Effects of various mixtures of ferulic acid and some of its microbial metabolic products on cucumber leaf expansion and dry matter in nutrient culture. J Chem Ecol 11:619–641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Blum U, Dalton BR, Shann JR (1985b) Effects of ferulic and p-coumaric acids in nutrient culture of cucumber leaf expansion as influenced by pH. J Chem Ecol 11:1567–1582CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Booker FL, Blum U, Fiscue EL (1992) Short-term effects of ferulic acid on ion uptake and water relations in cucumber seedlings. J Exp Bot 43:649–655CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Burström H (1959) Growth and formation of intercellulares in root meristems. Physiol Plant 12:371–385CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Burström H (1965) The physiology of plant roots. In: Baker KF, Snyder WC (eds) Ecology of soil-borne plant pathogens. University California Press, Berkeley, pp 154–159Google Scholar
  13. Felle H (1988) Short-term pH regulation in plants. Physiol Plant 74:583–591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Felle HH (2001) pH: signal and messenger in plant cells. Plant Biol 3:577–591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fry CF (1988) The growing plant cell wall: chemical and metabolic analysis. Longman Scientific and Technical, HarlowGoogle Scholar
  16. Glass ADM (1974) Influence of phenolic acids upon ion uptake III: inhibition of potassium absorption. J Exp Bot 26:1104–1113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Glass ADM (1975) Inhibition of phosphate uptake in barley roots by hydroxyl-benzoic acids. Phytochemistry 14:2127–2130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Glass ADM, Dunlop J (1974) Influence of phenolic acids on ion uptake IV: depolarization of membrane potentials. Plant Physiol 54:855–858CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Grotewold E (2004) The challenges of moving chemicals within and out of cells: insights into the transport of plant natural products. Planta 219:906–909CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Harborne JB (1982) Introduction to ecological biochemistry. Academic, LondonGoogle Scholar
  21. Harper JR, Balke NE (1981) Characterization of the inhibition of K+ absorption in oat roots by salicylic acid. Plant Physiol 68:1439–1353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hartel PG (1998) The soil habitat. In: Sylvia DM, Fuhrmann JJ, Hartel PG, Zuberer DA (eds) Principles and applications of soil microbiology. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, pp 21–43Google Scholar
  23. Hoagland DR, Arnon DJ (1950) The water–culture method of growing plants without soil. Calif Agric Exp Sta Circ 347Google Scholar
  24. Holappa LD, Blum U (1991) Effects of exogenously applied ferulic acid, a potential allelopathic compounds, on leaf growth, water utilization, and endogenous abscisic acid levels of tomato, cucumber, and bean. J Chem Ecol 17:865–886CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hughes GR, Averre CW, Sorensen KA (1983) Growing pickling cucumbers in North Carolina, AG 315. North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, Raleigh NCGoogle Scholar
  26. Kurkdjian A, Guern J (1989) Intercellular pH: measurement and importance of cell activity. Ann Rev Plant Mol Biol 40:271–303CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Lehman ME, Blum U (1999a) Influence of pretreatment stresses on inhibitory effects of ferulic acid, an allelopathic phenolic acid. J Chem Ecol 25:1517–1529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lehman ME, Blum U (1999b) Evaluation of ferulic acid uptake as measurement of allelochemical dose: effective concentration. J Chem Ecol 25:2585–2600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Lehman ME, Blum U, Gerig MG (1994) Simultaneous effects of ferulic and p-coumaric acids on cucumber leaf expansion in split-root experiments. J Chem Ecol 20:1773–1782CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lyu S-W, Blum U (1990) Effects of ferulic acid, an allelopathic compound, on net P, K, and water uptake by cucumber seedlings in a split-root system. J Chem Ecol 16:2429–2439CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Lyu S-W, Blum U, Gerig TM, O’Brien TE (1990) Effects of mixtures of phenolic acids on phosphorus uptake by cucumber seedlings. J Chem Ecol 16:2559–2567CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. McPherson DC (1939) Cortical air spaces in the roots of Zea mays L. New Phytol 38:190–202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Politycka B, Kozlowska M, Mielcarz B (2004) Cell wall peroxidases in cucumber roots induced by phenolic allelochemicals. Allelopathy J 13:29–35Google Scholar
  34. Razika B, Abbes B, Messaoud C, Soufi K (2010) Phenol and benzoic acid degradation by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. J Water Resour Protect 2:788–791CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Rendal C, Kusk KO, Trap S (2011) Optimal choice of pH for toxicity and bioaccumulation studies of ionized organic chemicals. Environ Toxicol Chem 30:2395–2406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Savage DC, Fletcher M (1985) Bacterial adhesion: mechanisms and physiological significance. Plenum Press, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Shann JR, Blum U (1987a) The uptake of ferulic and p-hydroxybenzoic acids by Cucumis sativus. Phytochemistry 26:2959–2964CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Shann JR, Blum U (1987b) The utilization of exogenously supplied ferulic acid in lignin biosynthesis. Phytochemistry 26:2977–2982CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Shimizu M, Kobayashi Y, Tanaka H, Wariishi H (2005) Transportation mechanism for vanillin uptake through fungal plasma membrane. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 68:673–679CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Trapp S (2004) Plant uptake and transport models for neutral and ionic chemicals. Environ Sci Pollut Res 11:33–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ulrih NP (2015) Effects of caffeic, ferulic, and p-coumaric acids on lipid membranes. In: Preedy VR (ed) Coffee in health and disease prevention. Academic, Amsterdam, pp 813–821CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Weston LA, Ryan PR, Watt M (2012) Mechanisms for cellular transport and release of allelochemicals from plant roots into the rhizosphere. J Exp Bot 63:3445–3454CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Woolley JT (1983) Maintenance of air in intercellular spaces of plants. Plant Physiol 72:989–991CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Zanardo DIL, Lima RB, Ferrarese MLL, Bubna GA, Ferrarese-Filho O (2009) Soybean root growth inhibition and lignification induced by p-coumaric acid. Environ Exp Bot 66:25–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Udo Blum
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant & Microbial BiologyNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

Personalised recommendations