Advertisement

Increasing Calorific Value of Biogas by Steam Explosion Activation of Renewable Raw Materials

  • D. B. ProsvirnikovEmail author
  • A. R. Sadrtdinov
  • Z. G. Sattarova
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)

Abstract

Anaerobic microbial transformation of organic substrates, resulting in the production of various types of biofuels, currently occupies a leading position among the studies on the search and use of alternative energy sources. Cellulose-containing materials are among the most promising substrates, but for their full use there are a number of unresolved issues relating to the completeness of their utilization, improving the quality and volume of biogas production, as well as maintaining stability and increasing the functional activity of microbial communities. The article shows that the activation of plant materials by steam explosion can increase the caloric content and energy intensity of biogas produced from both straw and wood raw materials. Quantitative values of the biogas energy of combustion directly depend on the content of lignin and hemicelluloses in the feedstock, wherein the tendency to increase the calorific value of gas with an increase in steam explosion temperature is observed for all types of plant raw materials. The quantitative values of the biogas energy of combustion should directly depend on the content of lignin and hemicelluloses in the feedstock.

Keywords

Cellulose Lignin Biogas Steam explosion Activation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The results presented in the work were obtained with the support of the Scholarship of the President of the Russian Federation (SP-4422.2018.1).

References

  1. 1.
    Mahapatra S, Kumar S, Dasappa S (2016) Gasification of wood particles in a co-current packed bed: experiments and model analysis. Fuel Process Technol 145:76–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tuntsev DV et al (2016) The mathematical model of fast pyrolysis of wood waste. In: Proceedings of 2015 international conference on mechanical engineering, automation and control systems, MEACS 2015. Article no 7414929Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dasappa S, Paul PJ, Mukunda HS, Shrinivasa U (1994) The gasification of wood-char spheres in CO2 N2 mixtures: analysis and experiments. Chem Eng Sci 49(2):223–232Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bui T, Loof R, Bhattacharya SC (1994) Multi-stage reactor for thermal gasification of wood. Energy 19(4):397–404CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Prosvirnikov DB et al (2017) Modelling heat and mass transfer processes in capillary-porous materials at their grinding by pressure release. In: Proceedings of 2017 international conference on industrial engineering, applications and manufacturing, ICIEAM 2017. Article no 8076443.  https://doi.org/10.1109/icieam.2017.8076443
  6. 6.
    Gusev VG, Fomin AA, Saldaev VA (2018) Mathematical model of cut layer at intensive profile milling of workpieces. In: International conference on industrial engineering, p 517–526Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Fomin AA (2017) Limiting product surface and its use in profile milling design operations. Solid State Phenom 265:672–678.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.265.672CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Prosvirnikov DB et al (2017) IOP Conf Ser Mater Sci Eng 221:012010.  https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/221/1/012010
  9. 9.
    Gusev VG, Fomin AA (2017) Multidimensional model of surface waviness treated by shaping cutter. Procedia Eng 206:286–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Timerbaev NF et al (2017) Software systems application for shafts strength analysis in mechanical engineering. Procedia Eng 206:1376–1381.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.10.648CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Thijs Defraeye, Blocken Bert, Carmeliet Jan (2013) Influence of uncertainty in heat–moisture transport properties on convective drying of porous materials by numerical modelling. Chem Eng Res Des 91(1):36–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Bouzid Majda et al (2011) In-pore tensile stress by drying-induced capillary bridges inside porous materials. J Colloid Interface Sci 355(2):494–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Fomin AA et al (2018) Geometrical errors of surfaces milled with convex and concave profile tools. Solid State Phenom 284:281–288.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.284.281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Stepanov VV et al (2017) Composite material for railroad tie. Solid State Phenom 265:587–591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sadrtdinov AR et al (2016) IOP Conf Ser Mater Sci Eng 124:012092.  https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/124/1/012092
  16. 16.
    Lashkov VA et al (2016) IOP Conf Ser Mater Sci Eng 124:012111.  https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/124/1/012111
  17. 17.
    Anisimova IV, Gortyshov YF, Ignat’ev VN (2016) Russ Aeronaut 59:414.  https://doi.org/10.3103/s1068799816030193
  18. 18.
    Timerbaev NF et al (2017) Application of software solutions for modeling and analysis of parameters of belt drive in engineering. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci 87(8):082047.  https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/87/8/082047
  19. 19.
    Popov IA et al (2015) Cooling systems for electronic devices based on the ribbed heat pipe. Russ Aeronaut (Iz VUZ) 58(3):309–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Safin R, Barcik S, Tuntsev D, Safin R, Hismatov R (2016) A mathematical model of thermal decomposition of wood in conditions of fluidized bed. Acta Facultatis Xylologiae Zvolen res Publica Slovaca 58(2):141–148Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Timerbaev NF, Ziatdinova DF, Safin RG, Sadrtdinov AR (2017) Gas purification system modeling in fatty acids removing from soapstock. In: Proceedings of 2017 international conference on industrial engineering, applications and manufacturing, ICIEAM 2017. Article no 8076418.  https://doi.org/10.1109/icieam.2017.8076418
  22. 22.
    Hu G, Li G, Zheng Y, Zhang Z, Xu Y (2015) Euler-Lagrange modeling of wood chip gasification in a small-scale gasifier. J Energy Inst 88(3):314–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Tuntsev DV et al (2018) Physical and chemical properties of activated lignocellulose and its areas of application. Solid State Phenom 284:779–784.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.284.779CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Saravanakumar A, Haridasan TM, Reed TB (2010) Flaming pyrolysis model of the fixed bed cross draft long-stick wood gasifier. Fuel Process Technol 91(6):669–675.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2010.01.016CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Fomin AA, Gusev VG, Sadrtdinov AR (2018) Assurance of accuracy of longitudinal section of profile surfaces milled at high feeds. In: International conference on industrial engineering, p 527–536Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Janajreh I, Al Shrah M (2013) Numerical and experimental investigation of downdraft gasification of wood chips. Energy Convers Manag 65:783–792CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Tuntsev DV, Filippova FM, Khismatov RG, Timerbaev NF (2014) Pyrolyzates: products of plant biomass fast pyrolysis. Russ J Appl Chem 87(9):1367–1370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Pakdel H, Roy C (1991) Hydrocarbon content of liquid products and tar from pyrolysis and gasification of wood. Energy Fuels 5(3):427–436CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Storodubtseva TN, Aksomitny AA, Sadrtdinov AR (2018) Thermal insulation properties of wood polymeric sand composite. Solid State Phenom 284:986–992.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.284.986CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Palmer ER (1984) Gasification of wood for methanol production energy in agriculture 3:363–375Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Mazarov IY, Timerbaev NF, Sadrtdinov AR (2018) Cogeneration power plant for processing biomass with the application of solid oxide fuel cells. In: International multi-conference on industrial engineering and modern technologies (FarEastCon), Vladivostok, Russia, p 1–4.  https://doi.org/10.1109/fareastcon.2018.8602699
  32. 32.
    Prosvirnikov DB et al (2017) Modeling of delignification process of activated wood and equipment for its implementation. IOP Conf Ser Mater Sci Eng 221(1):012009.  https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/221/1/012009
  33. 33.
    Popov IA, Shchelchkov AV, Gortyshov YF et al (2017) High Temp 55(4):524.  https://doi.org/10.1134/s0018151x17030208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Sychevskii VA (2015) Drying of colloidal capillary-porous materials. J Heat Mass Transf 85:740–749CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Drapalyuk MV et al (2016) IOP Conf Ser Mater Sci Eng 142:012090.  https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899x/142/1/012090
  36. 36.
    Prosvirnikov DB, Safin RG, Zakirov SR (2018) Microcrystalline cellulose based on cellulose containing raw material modified by steam explosion treatment. Solid State Phenom 284:773–778CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Storodubtseva TN, Aksomitny AA, Saldaev VA (2018) The study of soundproofing properties of wood polymer-sand composite. Solid State Phenom 284:993–998.  https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/SSP.284.99CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. B. Prosvirnikov
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. R. Sadrtdinov
    • 2
  • Z. G. Sattarova
    • 2
  1. 1.Kazan State Power Engineering UniversityKazanRussia
  2. 2.Kazan National Research Technological UniversityKazanRussia

Personalised recommendations