Increasing Calorific Value of Biogas by Steam Explosion Activation of Renewable Raw Materials

  • D. B. ProsvirnikovEmail author
  • A. R. Sadrtdinov
  • Z. G. Sattarova
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering book series (LNME)


Anaerobic microbial transformation of organic substrates, resulting in the production of various types of biofuels, currently occupies a leading position among the studies on the search and use of alternative energy sources. Cellulose-containing materials are among the most promising substrates, but for their full use there are a number of unresolved issues relating to the completeness of their utilization, improving the quality and volume of biogas production, as well as maintaining stability and increasing the functional activity of microbial communities. The article shows that the activation of plant materials by steam explosion can increase the caloric content and energy intensity of biogas produced from both straw and wood raw materials. Quantitative values of the biogas energy of combustion directly depend on the content of lignin and hemicelluloses in the feedstock, wherein the tendency to increase the calorific value of gas with an increase in steam explosion temperature is observed for all types of plant raw materials. The quantitative values of the biogas energy of combustion should directly depend on the content of lignin and hemicelluloses in the feedstock.


Cellulose Lignin Biogas Steam explosion Activation 



The results presented in the work were obtained with the support of the Scholarship of the President of the Russian Federation (SP-4422.2018.1).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. B. Prosvirnikov
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. R. Sadrtdinov
    • 2
  • Z. G. Sattarova
    • 2
  1. 1.Kazan State Power Engineering UniversityKazanRussia
  2. 2.Kazan National Research Technological UniversityKazanRussia

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