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Multi-model Assessment of Air Pollution-Related Premature Mortality in Europe and U.S.: Domestic Versus Foreign Contributions

  • Ulas ImEmail author
  • Jørgen Brandt
  • Camilla Geels
  • Kaj Mantzius Hansen
  • Jesper Heile Christensen
  • Mikael Skou Andersen
  • Efisio Solazzo
  • Ioannis Kioutsioukis
  • Ummugulsum Alyuz
  • Alessandra Balzarini
  • Rocio Baro
  • Roberto Bellasio
  • Roberto Bianconi
  • Johannes Bieser
  • Augustin Colette
  • Gabriele Curci
  • Aidan Farrow
  • Johannes Flemming
  • Andrea Fraser
  • Pedro Jimenez-Guerrero
  • Nutthida Kitwiroon
  • Ciao-Kai Liang
  • Uarporn Nopmongcol
  • Guido Pirovano
  • Luca Pozzoli
  • Marje Prank
  • Rebecca Rose
  • Ranjeet Sokhi
  • Paolo Tuccella
  • Alper Unal
  • Marta Garcia Vivanco
  • Jason West
  • Greg Yarwood
  • Christian Hogrefe
  • Stefano Galmarini
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Complexity book series (SPCOM)

Abstract

The impact of air pollution on premature mortality in Europe and the United States (U.S.) in 2010 is modelled by a multi-model ensemble of regional models in the framework of the third phase of the Air Quality Model Evaluation International Initiative (AQMEII3). Introducing 20% emission reductions both globally and regionally in Europe, North America and East Asia were performed in order to calculate the domestic and foreign contributions to air quality and related premature mortality. Total premature mortality was estimated to be 414 000 in Europe and 160 000 in the U.S., using multi-model mean pollutant concentrations. The number of premature mortality cases calculated using concentration inputs from different air quality models can vary by up to a factor of three. Results show that the domestic emissions have the largest impacts on premature death, while foreign sources are a minor contributor to adverse impacts of air pollution.

Notes

Acknowledgements

Aarhus University gratefully acknowledges the NordicWelfAir project funded by the NordForsk’s Nordic Programme on Health and Welfare (grant agreement no. 75007), the REEEM project funded by the H2020-LCE Research and Innovation Action (grant agreement no.: 691739), and the Danish Centre for Environment and Energy (AU-DCE).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulas Im
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jørgen Brandt
    • 1
  • Camilla Geels
    • 1
  • Kaj Mantzius Hansen
    • 1
  • Jesper Heile Christensen
    • 1
  • Mikael Skou Andersen
    • 1
  • Efisio Solazzo
    • 2
  • Ioannis Kioutsioukis
    • 3
  • Ummugulsum Alyuz
    • 4
  • Alessandra Balzarini
    • 5
  • Rocio Baro
    • 6
  • Roberto Bellasio
    • 7
  • Roberto Bianconi
    • 7
  • Johannes Bieser
    • 8
  • Augustin Colette
    • 9
  • Gabriele Curci
    • 10
    • 11
  • Aidan Farrow
    • 12
  • Johannes Flemming
    • 13
  • Andrea Fraser
    • 14
  • Pedro Jimenez-Guerrero
    • 6
  • Nutthida Kitwiroon
    • 15
  • Ciao-Kai Liang
    • 16
  • Uarporn Nopmongcol
    • 17
  • Guido Pirovano
    • 5
  • Luca Pozzoli
    • 2
  • Marje Prank
    • 18
    • 19
  • Rebecca Rose
    • 14
  • Ranjeet Sokhi
    • 12
  • Paolo Tuccella
    • 10
    • 11
  • Alper Unal
    • 4
  • Marta Garcia Vivanco
    • 9
    • 20
  • Jason West
    • 16
  • Greg Yarwood
    • 17
  • Christian Hogrefe
    • 21
  • Stefano Galmarini
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ScienceAarhus UniversityRoskildeDenmark
  2. 2.European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)IspraItaly
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Patras, University CampusRio, PatrasGreece
  4. 4.Eurasia Institute of Earth Sciences, Istanbul Technical UniversityIstanbulTurkey
  5. 5.Ricerca sul Sistema Energetico (RSE SpA)MilanItaly
  6. 6.Department of PhysicsUniversity of Murcia, Physics of the Earth, Campus de Espinardo, Ed. CIOyNMurciaSpain
  7. 7.Enviroware srlConcorezzoItaly
  8. 8.Chemistry Transport Modelling GroupInstitute of Coastal Research, Helmholtz-Zentrum GeesthachtGeesthachtGermany
  9. 9.INERIS, Institut National de l’Environnement Industriel et des RisquesVerneuil-en-HalatteFrance
  10. 10.Department of Physical and Chemical SciencesUniversity of L’AquilaL’AquilaItaly
  11. 11.Center of Excellence CETEMPS, University of L’AquilaL’AquilaItaly
  12. 12.Centre for Atmospheric and Instrumentation Research (CAIR), University of HertfordshireHatfieldUK
  13. 13.European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecast (ECMWF)ReadingUK
  14. 14.Ricardo Energy & EnvironmentHarwellUK
  15. 15.Environmental Research GroupKings’ College LondonLondonUK
  16. 16.Department of Environmental Sciences and EngineeringUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA
  17. 17.Ramboll EnvironNovatoUSA
  18. 18.Atmospheric Composition Research UnitFinnish Meteorological InstituteHelsinkiFinland
  19. 19.Department of Earth and Atmospheric SciencesCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  20. 20.CIEMATMadridSpain
  21. 21.National Exposure Research Laboratory, Computational Exposure DivisionOffice of Research and Development, United States Environmental Protection AgencyResearch Triangle ParkUSA

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