Advertisement

Russia’s European Policies in a Post-liberal World

  • Andrey Makarychev
Chapter

Abstract

Despite the current conflicts between Russia and the EU, the latter remains a key reference point in a plethora of Russian discourses that are Europe-centric in the sense of playing with different arguments aimed at vindicating Russia’s belonging to Europe through loosely defined history, geography and culture, but also through accentuating Russia’s military presence and ability to interfere in European domestic processes. The goal of this chapter is to trace the trajectory of Russia’s EU policies since the beginning of the 1990s until the present, compare Russian and European approaches to international relations and discuss Russia’s rhetorical manoeuvring under the conditions of drastic deterioration of relations with the West after 2014. The chapter additionally discusses Russia’s policies towards the EU from the viewpoint of broader debates on post-liberal international order and shares some critical insights on the state of communication between Russia and Europe.

Keywords

Russia-West relations EU Post-liberal international order Realist conservatism Ukraine 

References

  1. Bordachev, Timofei. 2016. Russia and the European Union: Three Questions Concerning New Principles in Bilateral Relations. Valdai Discussion Club, May 12. http://valdaiclub.com/files/10754
  2. ———. 2017. Krizis i neopredelennoye budushcheye Yevropy: chto dolzhna delat’ Rossiya? Valdai Discussion Club, January 18. http://ru.valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/krizis-budushchee-evropy/
  3. ———. 2018. Europe: Countdown to the Point? Valdai Discussion Club, February 1. http://valdaiclub.com/a/highlights/europe-countdown-to-the-point
  4. Busygina, Irina. 2017. Razvorot k malym: Chto Rossii sleduyet peresmotret’ v svoyom podkhode k ES. Moscow Carnegie Center, September 20. http://carnegie.ru/commentary/73156
  5. Council of the EU. 2018. Declaration by the High Representative on Behalf of the EU on the Findings of the Joint Investigation Team on the Downing of Flight MH17. May 25. http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2018/05/25/declaration-by-the-high-representative-on-behalf-of-the-eu-on-the-findings-of-the-joint-investigation-team-on-the-downing-of-flight-mh17/pdf
  6. Dembinski, Matthias, and Joachim Spanger. 2017. “Plural Peace”: Principles of a New Russia Policy. PRIF Report, no. 145. https://www.hsfk.de/fileadmin/HSFK/hsfk_publikationen/prif145.pdf
  7. European Union External Action. 2016. Remarks by High Representative/Vice-President Federica Mogherini at the Press Conference Following the Foreign Affairs Council. March 14. https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/5490/remarks-by-high-representativevice-president-federica-mogherini-at-the-press-conference-following-the-foreign-affairs-council_en
  8. Gould-David, Nigel. 2018. Economic Effects and Political Impacts: Assessing Western Sanctions on Russia. BOFIT Policy Brief, no. 8. https://helda.helsinki.fi/bof/bitstream/handle/123456789/15832/bpb0818.pdf?sequence=1
  9. Gromyko, Alexei. 2017. Yevrosoyuz dolzhen proyti po lezviyu britvy, chtoby vyzhit’. Evrazia Ekspert, October 4. http://eurasia.expert/evrosoyuz-dolzhen-proyti-po-lezviyu-britvy-chtoby-vyzhit
  10. Ivanov, Igor. 2018. RF i Yevropa: ot romantiki k pragmatike. RIAC, January 29. http://russiancouncil.ru/analytics-and-comments/analytics/rf-i-evropa-ot-romantiki-k-pragmatike
  11. Kantor, Vladimir. 2015. Myslima li Yevropa bez Rossii? Gefter, November 25. http://gefter.ru/archive/16725
  12. Karaganov, Sergei. 2018. My ischerpali yevropeyskuyu kladovuyu. Kommersant – Ogoniok, September 10. https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3719327
  13. Kortunov, Andrey. 2017. Gibridnoe sotrudnichestvo: Kak vyiti iz krizisa v otnosheniyakh Rossii s EC. Moscow Carnegie Center, August 28. http://carnegie.ru/commentary/72922
  14. ———. 2018. Verniotsya li Rossiya v Yevropu? RIAC, August 28. http://russiancouncil.ru/analytics-and-comments/analytics/vernetsya-li-rossiya-v-evropu
  15. Krikovic, Andrej, and Yuval Weber. 2018. What Can Russia Teach Us About Change? Status-Seeking as a Catalyst for Transformation in International Politics. International Studies Review 20 (2): 292–300.  https://doi.org/10.1093/isr/viy024.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lukin, Alexander. 2016. Russia in a Post-bipolar World. Survival 58 (1): 91–112.  https://doi.org/10.1080/00396338.2016.1142141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lundborg, Tom, and Nick Vaughan-Williams. 2015. New Materialism, Discourse Analysis, and International Relations: A Radical Intertextual Approach. Review of International Studies 41 (1): 3–25.  https://doi.org/10.1017/S0260210514000163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Moskovskiy Komsomolets. 2016. Eksperty: pochemu Rossii nevygoden raspad Yevrosoyuza. December 7. https://www.mk.ru/politics/2016/12/07/eksperty-pochemu-rossii-nevygoden-raspad-evrosoyuza.html
  19. Nikitin, Alexander. 2016. New Helsinki Needed? A View from Russia. DGAP Analyze, no. 3, April. https://dgap.org/en/article/getFullPDF/27838
  20. Novostipmr.com. 2016. Rossiyskaya armiya gotova uchastvovat’ v operatsiyakh pod egidoi Yevrosoyuza. December 14. https://novostipmr.com/ru/news/16-12-14/rossiyskaya-armiya-gotova-uchastvovat-v-operaciyah-pod-egidoy
  21. Orsini, Dominique. 2018. The Future of Peace and Security in Europe. Ukrainian-Russian-Polish-German Quadrilateral Discussions. Heinrich Böll Stiftung E-Paper, June. https://www.boell.de/sites/default/files/e-paper_the-future-of-peace-and-security-in-europe.pdf
  22. Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the European Union. 2017. Ambassador Vladimir Chizhov Addresses the EU-Eurasia-China Business Summit. October 9. https://russiaeu.ru/en/news/ambassador-vladimir-chizhov-addresses-eu-eurasia-china-business-summit
  23. Rambler.ru. 2018. Putin poobeschal zaschitit’ Yevropu. May 24. https://news.rambler.ru/politics/39933960-putin-poobeschal-zaschitit-evropu
  24. Romanova, Tatiana. 2018. Russia’s Neorevisionist Challenge to the Liberal International Order. The International Spectator 53 (1): 76–91.  https://doi.org/10.1080/03932729.2018.1406761.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Shevtsova, Lilia. 2015. Pochemu vse ne tak? O nesostoyavsheysya lyubvi Yevropy i Rossii. Novaya Gazeta, November 21. https://www.novayagazeta.ru/articles/2015/11/21/66461-pochemu-vse-ne-tak
  26. Timofeev, Ivan. 2018. Unbalanced Europe and the New Order in the OSCE Space. RIAC, May 3. http://russiancouncil.ru/en/analytics-and-comments/analytics/unbalanced-europe-and-the-new-order-in-the-osce-space
  27. Titov, Andrey. 2016. Russia and the EU: The Global Cooperation Agenda. In Avoiding a New ‘Cold War’: The Future of EU-Russia Relations in the Context of the Ukraine Crisis, ed. Cristian Nitoiu, 81–85. London: LSE Ideas.Google Scholar
  28. Trenin, Dmitrii. 2018. Rossiya i Yevropa: k chemu stremit’sa i chto delat’? Moscow Carnegie Center, March 29. https://carnegie.ru/2018/03/29/ru-pub-75938
  29. Zagorski, Andrei, and Wolfgang Zellner. 2016. Renewing Mechanisms for Russia-EU Cooperation. Moscow: RIAC. http://russiancouncil.ru/upload/RIAC-DGAP-Report27-en.pdf

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrey Makarychev
    • 1
  1. 1.Johan Skytte Institute of Political ScienceTartuEstonia

Personalised recommendations