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Drought Stress in Chickpea: Physiological, Breeding, and Omics Perspectives

  • Muhammad Waqas
  • Muhammad Tehseen Azhar
  • Iqrar Ahmad Rana
  • Anjuman Arif
  • Rana Muhammad AtifEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is a highly rich source of protein and is documented as the second most valuable food legume worldwide. In rain-fed areas, the chickpea productivity is strictly threatened by abiotic stress; notably among them is terminal drought stress. Drought stress causes reduction in photosynthesis and stomatal conductance that leads to the biosynthesis of ABA. Consequently, the plant faces oxidative stress, which is produced by ROS: H2O2, O2, O, and HO. As a result, the plant defense system is activated in the form of antioxidants (CAT, APX, POD, etc.) and scavengers (e.g., proline). In this scenario, the integration of conventional breeding with omics approaches is the ideal approach to increase the worth of the breeding program. The breeding program based on omics approaches, that is, genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, ionomics, and phenomics, is the quickest and efficient way to develop drought-tolerant chickpea accessions. Moreover, the availability of high-throughput sequencing tools accelerates the working efficiency and quality of these omics approaches. Drought-responsive genes, regulatory TFs, and metabolic pathways can be identified through RNA-Seq. The worth and efficiency of the breeding program will be increased by exploiting the omics-based breeding strategies in chickpea against drought stress.

Keywords

Chickpea Omics Functional genomics Drought stress Oxidative stress QTLs 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors acknowledge the Punjab Agricultural Research Board (Government of Punjab), Lahore, Pakistan for funding through Project PARB-938, as well as Centre for Advanced Studies in Agriculture and Food Security (CAS-AFS).

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad Waqas
    • 1
  • Muhammad Tehseen Azhar
    • 1
  • Iqrar Ahmad Rana
    • 2
  • Anjuman Arif
    • 3
  • Rana Muhammad Atif
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Centre of Agricultural Biochemistry and BiotechnologyUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  3. 3.Plant Breeding and Genetics DivisionNuclear Institute of Agriculture and BiologyFaisalabadPakistan
  4. 4.Center for Advanced Studies in Agriculture and Food SecurityUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan

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