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Brazil’s Evolving “Balancing Act” on the Use of Force in Multilateral Operations: From Robust Peacekeeping to “Responsibility While Protecting”

  • Eduarda Passarelli Hamann
  • Maria Gabrielsen JumbertEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

At the UN General Assembly in 2011, Brazil put forward the need for a “responsibility while protecting” (RwP). The initiative made reference to the well-known and long-debated principle of “responsibility to protect” (R2P), and was seen as a direct response to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)-led intervention in Libya in March of that year. The message was: in situations where the international community has a responsibility to protect, it should at a minimum also have a responsibility for its actions while protecting. Yet, despite being seen as bold in the way it appeared as engaging directly with the established idea of R2P, it was actually more in contrast with traditional Brazilian principles of non-intervention and restricted use of force. Specifying the responsibilities while protecting presupposes an acceptance of the application of the responsibility to protect in certain cases. The mere initiative created worldwide expectations that Brazil would champion the new concept and develop it further, which did not match Brazil’s own ambitions. Understanding this mismatch of expectations, and where the proposition came from, requires an analysis of the broader context of Brazil’s stance on intervention and use of force.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eduarda Passarelli Hamann
    • 1
  • Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Igarapé InstituteRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO)OsloNorway

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