Structure and Operation of the Global Society (Anthroposphere)

  • Attila Kerényi
  • Richard William McIntosh
Part of the Sustainable Development Goals Series book series (SDGS)


In this chapter globalisation at the end of the twentieth century and the role of nation-states in its processes are presented. Environmental globalisation and the effects of globalisation on environmental and nature protection together with the relationship between environmental problems and social conflicts are focused. The relationship and role of global and national institutions controlling the society on influencing the overall operation of the global Earth system are analysed. The relationship of multinational companies and nation-states is also discussed together with the relationship between authoritarian systems and the natural environment. The typical features of the global civil society and its role in sustainable development are presented in a separate subchapter. In another subchapter the effects of wars ruining the society and nature are discussed. Then the new ways of globalisation, digital globalisation are analysed. Finally, processes connecting the global society acting for or against sustainable development are presented, and related to this the “layered” structure of the society is illustrated by superposing different world maps.


Global institutes Digital globalisation Global civil society Wars Connectivity Global economy Environmental globalisation Ecological marginalisation Antarctic Environmental Protocol Multi-layered global society 


  1. 100 Resilient Cities (2018) 100 resilient cities. Accessed 22 Oct 2018
  2. Acemoglu D, Robinson JA (2012) Why nations fail: the origins of power, prosperity, and poverty. Crown Business, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  3. Anheier H, Themudo N (2002) Organisational forms of global civil society: implications of going global. In: Glasius M, Kaldor M, Anheier H (eds) Global civil society 2002. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 191–216Google Scholar
  4. Anheier H, Glasius M, Kaldor M (eds) (2001) Global civil society 2001. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  5. Anheier H, Kaldor M, Glasius M (2012) The global civil society yearbook: lessons and insights 2001–2011. In: Kaldor M, Moore HL, Selchow S (eds) Global civil society 2012: ten years of critical reflection. Palgrave Macmillan, London, pp 2–26CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. An-Na’im A (2002) Religion and global civil society: inherent incompatibility or synergy and interdependence. In: Glasius M, Kaldor M, Anheier H (eds) Global civil society 2002. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 55–73Google Scholar
  7. Barabási AL (2003) Behálózva.A hálózatok új tudománya (Linked: the new science of networks). Magyar Könyvklub, BudapestGoogle Scholar
  8. Bauck A, Lindenberg M (2001) Oxfam and debt relief advocacy. Accessed 12 Nov 2018
  9. Bernek Á (2002) A globális világ politikai földrajza (Political geography of the global world). Nemzeti Tankönyvkiadó, BudapestGoogle Scholar
  10. C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (2018) C40 cities. Accessed 17 Oct 2018
  11. Carr NG (2011) The shallows: what the internet is doing to our brains. W. W. Norton, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Carr JA, D’Odorico P, Laio F et al (2013) Recent history and geography of virtual water trade. PLoS One 8:e55825. Scholar
  13. Chatfield C (1997) Intergovernmental and nongovernmental associations to 1945. In: Smith J, Chatfield C, Pagnucco R (eds) Transnational social movements and global politics: solidarity beyond the state. Syracuse University Press, Syracuse, pp 19–41Google Scholar
  14. Cherlet M, Hutchinson C, Reynolds J et al (eds) (2018) World atlas of desertification. Publication Office of the European Union, LuxembourgGoogle Scholar
  15. Credit Suisse Research Institute (2018) Global wealth databook 2018. Accessed 3 Dec 2018
  16. Dicken P (1998) Global shift: transforming the world economy. Paul Chapman Publishing, LondonGoogle Scholar
  17. Ferguson N (2006) The war of the world: history’s age of hatred. Allen Lane, LondonGoogle Scholar
  18. Fowler A (1997) Striking a balance: a guide to enhancing the effectiveness of non-governmental organizations in international development. Earthscan, LondonGoogle Scholar
  19. Gyuris F (2017) A kínai gazdasági csoda okai és korlátai (The Chinese economic miracle: reasons and limits). Földrajzi Közlemények 141(3):275–287Google Scholar
  20. Haavisto P (2005) Environmental impacts of wars. In: Starke L (ed) State of the world 2005: redefining global security. W. W. Norton, New York, pp 158–159Google Scholar
  21. Handy C (2015) The second curve: thoughts on reinventing society. Random House, LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. Harari YN (2016) Homo Deus: a brief history of tomorrow. Harvill Secker, LondonGoogle Scholar
  23. Harvell MA (1984) Nuclear winter: the human and environmental consequences of nuclear war. Springer-Verlag, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hirst P, Thompson G, Bromley S (2009) Globalization in question. Polity, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  25. Homer-Dixon TF (1999) Environment, scarcity, and violence. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  26. Hornigold T (2017) The tantalizing dream of blanketing the Sahara in solar panels. Accessed 5 Feb 2018
  27. Huntington SP (1996) The clash of civilizations and the remaking of the world order. Simon and Schuster, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  28. IESE Business School (2017) IESE cities in motion index 2017. University of Navarra. Available Accessed 17 Oct 2018
  29. Jaeger HM (2007) “Global civil society” and the political depoliticization of global governance. Int Political Sociol 1:257–277. Scholar
  30. Jinchen T (2016) ‘One belt and one road’: connecting China and the world. McKinsey and Company.'s_Belt_and_Road_Initiative_Mapping_the_World's_Normative_and_Strategic_Implications. Accessed 11 Dec 2018
  31. Khanna P (2016) Connectography: mapping the future of global civilization. Random House, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  32. Lenzen M, Sun Y-Y, Faturay F, et al (2018) The carbon footprint of global tourism. Nature Climate Change 8 (6):522-528 doi: 10.1038/s41558-018-0141-xCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Marek T, Karwowski W, Frankowicz M et al (eds) (2014) Human factors of a global society: a system of systems perspective. CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar
  34. Miller KA, Thompson KF, Johnston P et al (2018) An overview of seabed mining including the current state of development, environmental impacts, and knowledge gaps. Front Mar Sci 4:418. Scholar
  35. Missirian A, Schlenker W (2017) Asylum applications respond to temperature fluctuations. Science 358:1610–1614. Scholar
  36. Monkelbaan J (2019) Governance for the sustainable development goals: exploring an integrative framework of theories, tools and competencies, Sustainable development goals series. Springer, Singapore. Scholar
  37. Naughton J (2001) Contested space: the internet and global civil society. In: Anheier H, Glasius M, Kaldor M (eds) Global civil society 2001. Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp 147–168Google Scholar
  38. O’Rourke R (2018) Maritime territorial and exclusive economic zone (EEZ) disputes involving China: issues for Congress. Congressional Research Service. Accessed 5 Dec 2018
  39. Parker B (1998) Globalization and business practice: managing across boundaries. Sage Publications, LondonGoogle Scholar
  40. Rawlinson P (2018) A prediction for globalization in 2018. Accessed 22 Nov 2018
  41. Renner M (2005) Disarming postwar societies. In: Starke L (ed) State of the world 2005: redefining global security. W. W. Norton, New York, pp 122–139Google Scholar
  42. Rothwell DR (2000) Polar environmental protection and international law: the 1991 Antarctic Protocol. Eur J Int Law 11:591–614. Scholar
  43. Taylor PJ (2004) World city network: a global urban analysis. Routledge, New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. TeleGeography (2018) Submarine cable map. Accessed 18 Jun 2018
  45. Tuerk H (2017) UNCLOS institutions and their roles. Accessed 21 Dec 2018
  46. UN (2018) UN-habitat urban data. Accessed 18 Oct 2018
  47. UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2017a) Trends in international migrant stock: the 2017 revision. Accessed 9 Dec 2018
  48. UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs Population Division (2017b) International migration report 2017: highlights. Accessed 11 Dec 2018
  49. UNESCO (2018) Members of the UNESCO global network of learning cities. UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. Accessed 20 Oct 2018
  50. Went R (2000) Globalization: neoliberal challenge, radical responses. Pluto Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  51. White AL, Baraldi M (2012) Reinventing the corporation. In: Starke L (ed) State of the world 2012: moving toward sustainable prosperity. Island Press, Washington, DC, pp 87–103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. World Ocean Review (2014) World ocean review 3. Marine resources: opportunities and risks. Accessed 28 Dec 2018
  53. World Tourism Organization (2017) UNWTO tourism highlights 2017. Accessed 28 Nov 2018

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Attila Kerényi
    • 1
  • Richard William McIntosh
    • 2
  1. 1.Landscape Protection and Environmental GeographyUniversity of DebrecenDebrecenHungary
  2. 2.Mineralogy and GeologyUniversity of DebrecenDebrecenHungary

Personalised recommendations