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Introduction

  • Attila Kerényi
  • Richard William McIntosh
Chapter
Part of the Sustainable Development Goals Series book series (SDGS)

Abstract

Three main phases of the development of the Earth are presented briefly: (1) development of the physical environment (chemical evolution), (2) development of life and its effects on the composition of the atmosphere and on the terrestrial environment (soil formation) and as a result, the formation of the biosphere, (3) advancing deliberate activities of the human society discussing the process via which humanity harms the natural environment in an increasing degree and even threatens his/her own health arriving to the idea of sustainable development. A brief outline is given on the interpretation of sustainable development from the Brundtland Committee report in 1987 to nowadays. The different interpretations of development and growth are analysed, the qualitative and quantitative description of weak sustainability and the essence of strong sustainability are discussed. Ecological, social and economic sustainability relations of sustainable development are presented. Finally, sustainable development elements most important regarding the future of the society and making the theoretical basis of the present book are emphasised.

Keywords

Chemical evolution Evolution of life Socialised Earth Anthropocene Sustainable development Strong sustainability Weak sustainability Brundtland report Sustainable development goals 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Attila Kerényi
    • 1
  • Richard William McIntosh
    • 2
  1. 1.Landscape Protection and Environmental GeographyUniversity of DebrecenDebrecenHungary
  2. 2.Mineralogy and GeologyUniversity of DebrecenDebrecenHungary

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