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Generating Positive Psychosis Symptom Keywords from Electronic Health Records

  • Natalia VianiEmail author
  • Rashmi Patel
  • Robert Stewart
  • Sumithra Velupillai
Conference paper
  • 797 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 11526)

Abstract

The development of Natural Language Processing (NLP) solutions for information extraction from electronic health records (EHRs) has grown in recent years, as most clinically relevant information in EHRs is documented only in free text. One of the core tasks for any NLP system is to extract clinically relevant concepts such as symptoms. This information can then be used for more complex problems such as determining symptom onset, which requires temporal information. In the mental health domain, comprehensive vocabularies for specific disorders are scarce, and rarely contain keywords that reflect real-world terminology use. We explore the use of embedding techniques to automatically generate lexical variants of psychosis symptoms into vocabularies, that can be used in complex downstream NLP tasks. We study the impact of the underlying text material on generating useful lexical entries, experimenting with different corpora and with unigram/bigram models. We also propose a method to automatically compute thresholds for choosing the most relevant terms. Our main contribution is a systematic study of unsupervised vocabulary generation using different corpora for an understudied clinical use-case. Resulting lexicons are publicly available.

Keywords

Natural language processing Electronic health records Embedding models Schizophrenia 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IoPPNKing’s College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation TrustLondonUK

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