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The Impact of Microorganisms on Monuments in the Underground Archaeological Museum of Moscow

  • Tamara T. AbramovaEmail author
Conference paper
  • 90 Downloads
Part of the Lecture Notes in Earth System Sciences book series (LNESS)

Abstract

Since 1990, Moscow's underground archaeological museum has exhibited archaeological findings of the ancient area of Zaryadye and the estate of Romanov boyars of the XVI century, the ruined cook-stove of the XVI century, which was a part of the Romanovs’ yard, and a section of the soils of the XVI-XVII century, artificially stabilized by a chemical solution in situ. During the whole time, the state of the exhibited objects was monitored. The temperature and humidity conditions in the premise were monitored from the first days to the present. Abrupt changes in humidity in the museum (up to 100%) occurred after a new archaeological excavation took place after 15 years of operation. This provoked the formation of favourable conditions for the microbiota development. All this turned out to be adverse for the exhibited objects, especially the unique ruined cook-stove, which began to collapse. Studies have shown a high and extremely high level of microbial contamination. The dominating types were mold fungi Aspergillus sp., Penicillium sp. and bacteria Bacillus sp. As a result of employing various devices, the humidity was reduced and the controlled level of air microbiota was achieved. The use of effective biocidal materials made it possible to increase the resistance of the exhibits to biocorrosion. The performed works allowed to create a safe environment for the preservation of exhibits and for museum’s staff and visitors.

Keywords

Archaeological sites Cultural layer Stabilization Humidity Microbiota Biocidal material Ultraviolet irradiator 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geological FacultyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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