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Diagnostic Decision-Making Processes

  • Julia Hodgson
  • Kevin Moore
  • Trisha Acri
  • Glenn Jordan Treisman
Chapter

Abstract

A diagnosis is a term used to identify a condition that the patient is suffering from. A simple unifying clinical diagnosis is responsible for most illnesses. Diagnosis is made more efficient and reliable by using operational definitions of diseases and a deductive approach to diagnosis. Different approaches to diagnosis vary in how reliable they are and also vary in how valid they are. Complicated or unusual conditions often require inductive logic for diagnosis, a method that can be used to generate a differential diagnosis. Complicated conditions also often have interacting mechanisms that exacerbate other conditions in comorbid ways. The formulation is a way of describing all of the interacting elements that contribute to the disorder that the patient is suffering from.

Keywords

Formulation Inductive logic Deductive logic Reliability Validity 

References

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    Harasym PH, Tsai T, Hemmati P. Current trends in developing medical students’ critical thinking abilities. Kaohsiung J Med Sci. 2008;24(7):341–55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Mandin H, Jones A, Woloschuk W, Harasym P. Helping students learn to think like experts when solving clinical problems. Acad Med. 1997;72(3):173–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia Hodgson
    • 1
  • Kevin Moore
    • 2
  • Trisha Acri
    • 2
  • Glenn Jordan Treisman
    • 3
  1. 1.Sharon HillUSA
  2. 2.PhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.BaltimoreUSA

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