Tissue Transfer Techniques in the Management of Urethral Stricture Disease: Flaps and Grafts

  • Joel GelmanEmail author
  • James Furr


The ability to use different flaps and grafts is critical in the successful management of complex urethral strictures. Intimate knowledge of relevant anatomy and principles of tissue transfer are necessary to optimize outcomes. Here, we briefly review these principles and discuss a variety of techniques commonly used by reconstructive urologists depending on stricture length, stricture location, presence or absence of intact corpus spongiosum, and availability of healthy penile skin. We present our algorithms for flap or graft choice and review the pertinent literature supporting their uses.


Anterior urethroplasty Buccal mucosal grafts Penile skin flaps Tissue transfer urethral reconstruction 


Conflicts of Interest

There are no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Reconstructive Urology, Department of UrologyUniversity of California, IrvineIrvineUSA
  2. 2.Department of UrologyUniversity of California, IrvineIrvineUSA

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