Etiology, Epidemiology, Demographic Differences in Urethral Strictures: A Worldwide Perspective

  • Faisal Alhajeri
  • Amjad Alwaal
  • Mohammad Ayodhia Soebadi


The true incidence of urethral stricture disease remains globally unknown despite the great evolution in management over the last century. This could be attributed to the numerous publications on the etiology of urethral strictures.


Urethral Stricture Anterior Posterior Etiology 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Faisal Alhajeri
    • 1
  • Amjad Alwaal
    • 2
  • Mohammad Ayodhia Soebadi
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of UrologyFarwaniya HospitalFarwaniyaKuwait
  2. 2.Department of UrologyMarshall UniversityHuntingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Urology Dr Soetomo Academic Hospital, Faculty of MedicineUniversitas AirlanggaSurabayaIndonesia

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