The Inherent Limits of the Science-Based Lawmaking Model
The science-based lawmaking model is an optimized model aiming at advanced environmental protection. However, this has its own inherent limits. On grounds of popular demand based on ethics or other factors that shape public choice, the political bodies or individual States may require the adoption of higher environmental standards than the standards that experts may recommend by strictly following scientific criteria. There are cases in which States and other international actors are willing to adopt more protective measures for the natural environment than the measures that experts advocate as necessary to effectively protect the environment based on science. The Book acknowledges this fact, explores some representative cases, but still advocates the adoption of processes that tend to further integrate science into law, rather than the traditional processes that are solely based on politics.