Science Expertise as a Legitimacy Basis for Lawmaking and Additional Bases of Legitimacy
The main argument for a science-based lawmaking model versus an absolute democratic lawmaking model is the effectiveness that the first type of model will most probably demonstrate in comparison with the latter regarding environmental regulation. Scholars over the years have strongly doubted that democracy can effectively serve environmental protection goals. As a result, they have called for different forms of governance. International, regional and national institutions mainly base their success on their reliance on expertise and not on political bodies. For example, according to several analysts, the regulatory success of the European Communities lies in large measure in the relative insulation of the “Eurocrats” from the electoral cycles and the political considerations, which dominate national policy making. How is it possible to bridge democracy and effectiveness? How could the international environmental governance become effective, without violating political, individual, and social rights?