Characterization of Refractories

  • Prasunjit Sengupta


This chapter discussed the purpose of using Refractories and gives a general introduction to Refractory materials available, which includes oxides, carbides, nitrides, and borides. It describes the different mechanical, thermal, and thermo-mechanical properties by which the Refractory materials are characterized. The importance of microstructure of refractories is also discussed. The test methods to determine porosity, bulk density, CCS, MOR, PCE, RUL, thermal conductivity, thermal expansion, HMOR, wedge-splitting test, PLC, thermal shock resistance, and corrosion resistance are discussed.


Bulk density Porosity Refractoriness Cold crushing strength Refractoriness under load Modulus of rupture Fracture Corrosion Viscosity Microstructure Thermal shock resistance X-ray Electron microscopy 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Prasunjit Sengupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Technical Director of M/S SKG Refractories Ltd.NagpurIndia

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